70 Authority record results for Diseases

Adams, Joseph

  • Person
  • 1756-1818

Student at St George's Hospital under John Hunter; studied also at St Bartholomew's Hospital and Guy's Hospital. Became a member of the Corporation of Surgeons in 1790. MD 1795 from the University of Aberdeen based on his work 'Morbid Poisons'. Lived and work at Madeira for eight years, and is said to have introduced cowpox to Madeira. Admitted as an extra-licentiate to the London Royal College of Physicians on his return to England in 1805. Physician at the Smallpox Hospital 1806, where he contributed to a report on smallpox. Remembered as the founder of medical genetics.

Addison, Thomas

  • Person
  • 1793-1860

Known for describing skin disease now known as Addison's disease.

Attended lectures on surgery at St George's in 1816.

Amyand, Claudius

  • Person
  • 1660-1740

One of the first medical officers at St George’s Hospital, 1733. Principal surgeon, serjeant-surgeon. Performed the first recorded successful appendicectomy at St George's in 1735

Son of a Huguenot refugee, naturalised in London. Admitted to the Freedom of the Barber-Surgeons Company in 1728; master 1731. Serjeant-surgeon to George I.

Early advocate for smallpox inoculation. Inoculated Princesses Amelia and Caroline.

Atkinson Morley Hospital

  • GB/NNAF/C230090
  • Corporate body
  • 1869-2003

The hospital was originally built as a convalescent home for recovering patients from St George's Hospital (then at Hyde Park Corner), but became a brain surgery centre and was involved in the development of the CT scanner.

Atkinson Morley, a former medical student at St George's and a wealthy landowner and hotelier, left £100,000 in his will to St George's 'for receiving, maintaining and generally assisting convalescent poor patients', and the hospital opened in July 1869. It received patients from St George's initially on horse-drawn carriages, and from 1888 on an 'omnibus' accommodating 14 people.

It remained a convalescent home until 1939, and during the First World War it accommodated servicemen. The hospital was struggling financially, and gradually it began to admit more acute cases as well as tuberculosis patients. During the Second World War it became Atkinson Morley Emergency Hospital.

After the war, the hospital became an internationally recognised neuroscience centre, established by neurosurgeon Wylie McKissock. The Department of Psychiatry and an X-ray department specialising in neuroradiology were established in 1949; a Sleep Laboratory was established in 1972. The Wolfson Neurorehabilitation Centre was opened in 1967 to provide rehabilitation and outpatient services for the hospital. The hospital successfully introduced CT (computed tomography) scanning into medical practice in 1971 following a prototype scanner built by electronic engineer Godfrey Hounsfield, who was subsequently awarded the Nobel Prize for his invention in 1979.

The building closed in 2003, and neuroscience services were located to the Atkinson Morley Wing at St George's Hospital, Tooting; the Wolfson Neurorehabilitation Centre remained in Wimbledon.

Babington, George Gisborne

  • Person
  • 1795-1856

Born in Leicestershire.

Assistant surgeon at St George's Hospital 1829-1830, surgeon 1830-1843. Surgeon at London Lock Hospital. Member of the Council at the Royal College of Surgeons 1836-1845, Hunterian Orator. Specialised in syphilitic diseases. Published on ulcers, sloughing sores and sexually transmitted diseases.

Married Sarah Anne Pearson of Golden Square in 1817. Died 1 Jan 1856 at home, 13 Queen's Gardens, Hyde Park.

Bacot, John

  • Person
  • 1781-1879

Student at St George's alongside Benjamin Brodie.

Assistant surgeon in the army 1803-1820. Private practice in South Audley Street. Surgeon at St George's Hospital and St James's Dispensary. Member of the Apothecaries' Company. Editor of the Medical and Physical Journal. Inspector of Anatomy. Member of the Board of Health. Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. Published on syphilis.

His father, grandfather and son were also doctors. Died 4 Sep 1870.

Bancroft, Edward Nathaniel

  • Person
  • ?

Son of Dr E. Bancroft, FRS, author of the ‘Natural History of Guiana.

MD Cantab, Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. Physician at St George’s Hospital 1808-1811; resigned on account of ill health and moved to Jamaica as a physician to the army. Wrote on the health of soldiers, yellow fever, typhus and other infectious diseases.

Benjafield, Joseph Dudley

  • Person
  • 1887-1957

Bacteriologist and pathologist. Captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War. During the 1918-1920 influenza pandemic he was in the British Egyptian Expeditionary Force, observing the pandemic; he published his findings in the British Medical Journal in 1919. Consultant physician to St George’s Hospital and Evelina Hospital, London.

Motor racer, including at Brooklands and Le Mans, where he first won in 1924 with Bentley. One of the founding members of the British Racing Drivers’ Club in 1928.

Bevan, Charles Edward

  • Person
  • 1905-1956

Student at St George's; qualified 1931. House physician, house surgeon, R.O.A. and casualty officer at St George's.

In Colonial Medical Service from 1933. Worked on tuberculosis in Cyprus, including at Kyperounda Sanatorium, for the Cyprus Government and for the Cyprus Asbestos Company.

Died in 1956; his obituary states that he was 'murdered by terrorists in Cyprus while attending a patient'

Blandford, George Fielding

  • Person
  • 1829-1911

Educated at Tonbridge School, Rugby School and Wadham College, Oxford; BA 1852, MA 1857.

Studied medicine at St George's in 1852; BM (Oxon) 1857, LSA 1857. MRCS 1858, MRCP 1860.

Resident medical officer at Blacklands House, a private asylum for gentlemen in London. Visiting physician to Blacklands House and its successor Newlands House in Tooting and to several other asylums alongside his private practice in Clarges Street, Grosvenor Street and later Wimpole Street.

Lecturer on psychological medicine at St George's 1865-1902.

FRCP 1869. President of the Medico-Psychological Association. Lumleian lecturer.

Leading author on mental illness legislation. Published 'Insanity and its Treatment' (1871) and widely on mental illness.

Married Louisa Holloway in 1864; they had two sons and two daughters. Retired to Tunbridge Wells.


  • Person
  • ? -1857

Brodhurst, Bernard Edward

  • Person
  • 1822-1900

Born at the Friary, Newark on 4th February 1822.

In 1840 he was articled at the Royal College of Surgeons to John Goldwyer Andrews at the London Hospital. After qualifying he was appointed house surgeon. After a year he attended hospitals in Paris and later Vienna where he studied opthalmic surgery and pathological anatomy. He later travelled to Prague, Berlin, Pavia, Pisa, Florence and Rome. Returning to London, he was elected in 1852 surgeon on the staff of the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, and in 1862 he was elected assistant surgeon at St George's Hospital, and later surgeon with orthopaedic wards until 1874.

By the time of his death he was surgeon to the Orthopaedic Hospital, and for a time he was lecturer on Orthopaedic Surgery at St George's. He was on the staff of the Royal Hospital for Incurables, and consulting surgeon of the Belgrave Hospital for Children. For many years he had the chief orthopaedic practice in England. He was an associate of the Academy of Sciences of Rome, and corresponding member of the Medical Societies of Lyons, Odessa and Rome, of the Chirurgical Society of Paris, and of the American Orthopaedic Association.

He died on 20th January 1900.

Bromfeild, William

  • Person
  • 1712-1792

Surgeon. Established London Lock Hospital for treating venereal disease. Surgeon at St George's Hospital. Surgeon of the royal household. Governor of St George's Hospital. President of St George's Hospital.

Bromfield, William

Surgeon at St George's Hospital 1744-1780. Surgeon to King George III. Surgeon and one of the founders of the Lock Hospital. Published on surgery and anatomy.

Carter, Robert Brudenell

  • Person
  • 1828-1918

Apprenticed to a general practitioner. Educated at the London Hospital; qualified in 1851. Worked as an assistant to a practitioner in Leytonstone. Volunteered in the Crimean War as a staff surgeon in Turkey, and acted as a correspondent to The Times.

On his return from the war, moved from Putney to Fulham and to Nottingham, where he participated in founding the Nottingham Eye Infirmary, and began to specialise in ophthalmology. Moved to Stroud in 1862, had a partnership with George Samuel Gregory; participated in establishing the Gloucestershire Eye Institution.

Married aged 40 and moved to London. Worked for The Times and The Lancet. Surgeon to the Royal Eye Hospital, Southward, 1869-1877. Ophthalmic surgeon to St George's Hospital 1870; consulting surgeon 1983. Ophthalmic surgeon to the National Hospital for Paralysis and Epilepsy. Hunterian Professor, Orator, Lettsomian Lecturer at the Royal College of Surgeons, president of the Medical Society of London. Represented the Apothecaries' Society on the General Medical Council. Sat on the first London County Council, and participated in establishing a committee to report on the Care of the Insane, but was not re-elected.

Published on hysteria and diseases of the nervous system; on medical education; on ophthalmology.

Married twice, to Helen Ann Beauchamp and to Rachel Elizabeth Hallpike. Had four sons. Died at home in Clapham Common 23 Oct 1918, aged 91. Buried at West Norwood Cemetery.

Chambers, William Frederick

  • Person
  • ?

Lecturer on the Principles and Practice of Medicine in the 1830s. Physician at St George's Hospital 1816-1839.

Physician to King William IV and Queen Victoria.

Published on cholera

Cheadle, Walter Butler

  • Person
  • 1835-1910

Educated at Bingley Grammar School and Caius College, Cambridge. BA 1859. Student at St George's Hospital Medical School, MB 1861. Accompanied Viscount Milton in 1862 on an expedition to the Rocky Mountains and contributed to an account of the journey, 'The North-West Passage by Land'.

Assistant physician, lecturer and dean of medical school at St Mary's Hospital; assistant physician at Great Ormond Street, 1869. Consultant on children's diseases; worked on artifical feeding of infants and rheumatism. Advocated admission of women to the profession. Lecturer at the London Medical School for Women. Censor of the Royal College of Physicians.

Married Anne Murgatroyd in 1866; they had four sons. Married Emily Mansei Mansel, Inspector of Queen Victoria's Jubilee Institute for Nurses.

Cheselden, William

  • Person
  • 1688-1752

One of the first surgeons at St George's Hospital in 1733; principal surgeon. Resigned from St George's in 1737; appointed consulting surgeon.

Born in Leicestershire. Apprenticed to a surgeon in Leicestershire. Studied anatomy under William Cowper. Admitted to the London Company of Barber-Surgeons in 1711. Fellow of the Royal Society.

Served under James Ferne, assistant surgeon and surgeon to St Thomas's Hospital. Surgeon at the Westminster Infirmary. Surgeon to Queen Caroline. Surgeon at the Chelsea Hospital. Founding governor for the Foundling Hospital. Attended Sir Isaac Newton. Close to Hans Sloane.

Published 'Anatomy of the Human Body' in 1713, which became a popular textbook for students, and in 1733 'Osteographia or the Anatomy of Bones', a description of the human skeletal system. Developed new techniques for eye surgery, in particular for the removal of cataracts, and invented the lateral lithotomy approach to remove bladder stones.

Married Deborah Knight in 1713, daughter of Thomas Knight and niece of Robert Knight, the chief cashier of the South Sea Company; Cheselden appears to have invested in the company in 1714.

Collier, James Stansfield

  • Person
  • 1870-1935

Educated at the City and Guilds Institute, London and St Mary's Hospital; BSc 1890; qualified as a doctor 1894. Held a number of junior appointments at St Mary's and at the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic; assistant physician 1902, physician 1921.

Assistant physician at St George's Hospital 1904-1908, physician 1908-1928, consulting physician 1928; lecturer on medicine and neurology.

Lecturer on neurology at the Bethlem Royal Hospital. Visiting staff at the Royal Eye Hospital. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians; Lumleian lecturer, FitzPatrick lecturer and Harveian orator; senior censor. Published on neurology.

Married Minna Summerhayes in 1906; they had two daughters and one son. His elder brother was Horace Stansfield Collier, FRCS. He died 9 Feb 1935 at home in London.

Cottle, Ernest Wyndham

  • Person
  • 1847-1919

Student at Oxford, St George's Hospital Medical School and the Army Medical School.

Assistant surgeon in the Army 1871, surgeon to the Scots Fusilier Guards. Resigned 1877.

Dermatological practice at Savile Row. Senior assistant surgeon to the Hospital for Diseases of the Skin at Blackfriars. Lecturer on diseases of the skin to the Medical Mission at Vincent Square. Medical Officeer to the Universal Provident Assurance Society. 1887 surgeon to the Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, and consulting dermatologist to the School for Indigent Blind. Physician at the Skin Department of St George's Hospital.

Retired to the Isle of Wight, where he was appointed honorary consulting physician to the Royal Isle of Wight County Hospital in Ryde. Died in 1919.

Cutler, Edward

  • Person
  • 1796-1874

Born at Wimborne, Dorset, the son of a clergyman. Entered the Navy, but abandoned it in favour of medicine due to ill health. Educated at Great Windmill Street School of Medicine and St George's Hospital.

Assistant surgeon at St George's Hospital 1834-1848, surgeon 1848-1861, consulting surgeon 1861-1874.

Assistant surgeon in the Life Guards 1821-1824. Assisted Sir Benjamin Brodie in his private practice. Surgeon and consulting surgeon at the Lock Hospital. Private practice.

Specialised in venereal diseases.

Married, with a son and a daughter. Retired in 1861. Died 7 Sep 1874 at home, 15 New Burlington Street.

Dalby, William Bartlett

  • Person
  • 1840-1918

Born in Leicestershire. Educated at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, before acting as a resident at St Georges Hospital in London.

Worked as an assistant to James Hinton and then as an aural surgeon in Saville row. 'Dalby provided an essential link between non-operative and operative aural surgery through his use of the dental drill in the treatment of exostoses. Throughout his career, Dalby demonstrated a passion for improving education for deaf children. For this work, Dalby was awarded a knighthood in 1886. Subsequently, in 1872, in the first ever such appointment, he became the Aural Surgeon at St George’s hospital (RCS,2011). Dalby was also appointed as the first President of the Otological Society of the United Kingdom (Otological Society of the United Kingdom, 1907,p.iv). Both appointments undoubtedly set a precedent for roles which are still in place today and increased the awareness and standing of otology at a time where only few doctors were dedicated to the speciality. Furthermore, Dalby published many notable papers and books'

Duke-Elder, William Stewart

  • Person
  • 1898-1978

Born on 22nd April 1898 at Tealing, near Dundee, the son of a Scottish minister, Neil Steward Elder, minister of the United Free Church of Scotland, and Isabelle, nee Duke. His early education was at the Morgan Academy, Dundee. He went to St Andrew's University as a foundation scholar in 1915. He graduated MA in 1919 with first class honours in natural science and also took the BSc with distinction in physiology. He qualified with the MB ChB in 1923, obtained the FRCS Enlgland in 1924 and the MD of St Andrews, in which he gained a Gold Medal in 1925. Also in 1925 he obtained a PhD from London University.

After graduating, he went to London to do house appointments at St George's Hospital, but en route he took a locum post for a Dr Arthur, a general practitioner in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire. At St George's he gained the post of resident casualty officer for three months, and then became house physician for six months. He worked as a clinical assistant in the eye department in 1924.

Early in his career he devoted time to researching the physiology of the eye at University College London with Professor Starling and in biochemistry with Dr Drummond. He was consecutively Plimmer Research Fellow (1926), Laking Research Scholar (1926-29), Reittinger Professor (1926), BMA Scholar (1927), BMA Middlemore Prizeman (1929) and Research Associate (1933).

At an early stage in his career he built up a large private practice and in 1932 he operated on the then Prime Minister, Ramsey Macdonald, for glaucoma. He was appointed Surgeon Oculist to King Edward VIII and subsequently King George Vi and then Queen Elizabeth II. He was knighted in 1933 and appointed KCVO in 1946 and GCVO in 1958.

He contributed to medical literature, the first being his Textbook of Ophthalmology, for which he was awarded the Fothergillian Prize of the Medical Society of London. He then brought out a much larger work entitled A System of Ophthalmology in fifteen volumes. Recent Advances in Ophthamology was published in 1927 and Practice of Refraction in 1928. For many years he was editor of the British Journal of Ophthalmology and of Ophthalmic Literature.

The amalgamation of the three main eye hospital in London (Moorfields, the Royal Westminster, and the Central London) and the formation of the Institute of Ophthalmology, was put into action a year before the inauguration of the NHS largely due to his efforts. As early as 1937, Duke-Elder made plans for an Institute of Ophthalmology.

He was Director of Research at the Institute for seventeen years and he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. The establishment of a special fellowship examination in ophthalmology at the Royal College of Surgeons in 1947 was mainly due to his efforts. Duke-Elder was one of the pioneers who initiated the Diploma of Ophthalmological Medicine and Surgery. In 1945 he helped to set up the Faculty of Ophthalmologists at the College. He was its first President, holding office for four years. In 1950 he chaired the XVI International Congress of Ophthalmology in London.

In the second world war he was consultant ophthalmic surgeon to the Army with the rank of Brigadier. His duties involved visits to overseas hospitals and units in many theatres of war. He was subsequently civilian consultant in ophthalmology to the RAF and ophthalmic advisor to the Ministries of Health, Supply and Labour and to the London Transport Board.

The many medals he was given included the William MacKenzie Medal (Glasgow) in 1929, the Nettleship Medal (Ophthalmological Society of the UK) 1933, the Howe Medal (USA) 1946, the Research Medal of the American Medical Association 1947, the Donders Medal (Holland) 1947, the Doyne Medal (Oxford) 1948, the Gullstrand Medal (Sweden) 1952, the Medal of Strasbourg University 1962 and of Ghent University 1953, the Gonin Medal (International) 1954, the Lister Medal (Royal College of Surgeons of England) 1956, the Bowman Medal (Ophthalmological Society of the UK) 1957, the Ophthalmiatreion Medal (Athens) 1957, the Proctor Medal (USA) 1961 and the Lang Medal (Royal Society of Medicine of London) 1965. He also received the Bronze Star Medal of the USA and the Star of Jordan (1st Class). He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Phoenix of Greece and a Commander of the Orthodox Crusaders of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem).

In 1944 he was admitted to membership of the Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem and in 1954 was appointed Hospitaller of the Order in succession to Lord Webb-Johnson.

His wife, Phyllis Mary Edgar, had graduated in medicine in 1926 and worked as clinical assistant in the out-patient clinic at Moorfields. During the second world war she was in charge of the Zachary Merton Hospital at Banstead to which special cases were referred from the army. He died on 27th March 1978.

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