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Authority record

Acland, Henry Wentworth Dyke

  • Person
  • 1815-1900

Born at Killerton, Devon. Educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford. Studied medicine at St George's Hospital and Edinburgh. All Souls fellowship 1842, Lee's reader in anatomy at Christ Church 1846; BM 1846.

Physician at the Radcliffe Infirmary 1847. Aldrichian professor of clinical medicine 1851. Radcliffe librarian at Oxford. Fellow of the Royal Society. Regius chair of medicine at Oxford 1857. Founded the Oxford University Museum 1860; curator of the university galleries and the Bodleian Library. Private practice in Oxford. Oxford's first representative on the General Medical Council 1858; president of the council 1874-1887. Harveian orator 1867. Baronet in 1890.

Married Sarah Cotton, daughter of William Cotton, FRS, in 1846; they had seven sons (including T.D. Acland, FRCP) and one daughter. Died 16 Oct 1900 at Oxford.

Adams, Joseph

  • Person
  • 1756-1818

Student at St George's Hospital under John Hunter; studied also at St Bartholomew's Hospital and Guy's Hospital. Became a member of the Corporation of Surgeons in 1790. MD 1795 from the University of Aberdeen based on his work 'Morbid Poisons'. Lived and work at Madeira for eight years, and is said to have introduced cowpox to Madeira. Admitted as an extra-licentiate to the London Royal College of Physicians on his return to England in 1805. Physician at the Smallpox Hospital 1806, where he contributed to a report on smallpox. Remembered as the founder of medical genetics.

Adams, [Unknown]

  • Person

Governor of St George's Hospital 1948-1951

Addyman, John Gardner

  • Person
  • 1867-1946

Educated at Bradford Grammar School, Magdalen College, Oxford where he studied chemistry, and Heidelberg University in Germany. Worked as a demonstrator in chemistry in Oxford

Lecturer in chemistry at St George's Medical School and biochemist at St George's Hospital.

In charge of the Physiological Laboratory of the London University at the Imperial Institute in South Kensington, where he studied chloroform anaesthesia with George Buckmaster and cholesterol.

Aisley, Stephen

  • Person

Governor of St George's Hospital 1780-1806

Aldridge, Thomas

  • Person

Apothecary at St George’s Hospital 1733

Aldridge, [Unknown]

  • Person
  • ?

First apothecary at St George’s Hospital in 1733; discharged after complaints in 1734

Allbutt, Thomas Clifford

  • Person
  • 1836-1925

Born in Dewsbury 20 Jul 1836, son of Rev Thomas Allbutt and Marianne Wooler. Educated at St Peter's School, York and Caius College, Cambridge; graduated BA 1859 in natural sciences.

Studied medicine at St George's and Paris; MB 1860.

Consulting physician in Leeds. Worked at Leeds General Infirmary, Dispensary and Fever Hospital. Lecturer on physic and anatomy at Yorkshire College.

Invented a short-stemmed, portable clinical thermometer in 1866, which was able to record temperature in 5 minutes, instead of the previous 20 minutes. He was one of the first to use the ophthalmoscope, and extended its use beyond the diagnosis of ocular diseases. Published on syphilitic disease of the cerebral ateries and on the effects of strain on the heart.

Retired from medical practice in 1889 to become commissioner in lunacy. Made regius chair of physic at Cambridge in 1892. Edited 'System of Medicine', published in 8 volumes between 1896-1899; its second edition, together with Humphry Davy Rolleston, appeared in 11 volumes in 1905-1911. Physician at Addenbrooke's Hospital 1900. Member of the General Medical Council 1908-1918. Prominent at the Royal College of Physicians.

Married Susan England in 1869; they had no children. Died at Cambridge 22 Feb 1925.

Allingham, Herbert William

  • Person
  • 1862-1904

Student at St George's in 1879. Served as house surgeon in 1883-1884, and at the end of his term of office was appointed surgical registrar and demonstrator of anatomy. Elected assistant surgeon to St George's Hospital in 1894.

Elected assistant surgeon to St Mark's Hospital in 1885, resigning in 1890. In 1887 he became surgeon to the Great (now the Royal) Northern Hospital, a post he held until 1896. He was appointed surgeon in ordinary to the Prince of Wales, later King George V, having been previously surgeon to the household of King Edward VII. He also filled the offices of surgeon to the Surgical Aid Society and to the Osborn Home for Officers.

Almoners

The Almoners were responsible for social work within the hospital. The Almoners were trained members of the Institute of Hospital Almoners; they helped patients in dealing with social problems and assessed their ability to pay for their treatment prior to NHS.

Amyand, Claudius

  • Person
  • 1660-1740

One of the first medical officers at St George’s Hospital, 1733. Principal surgeon, serjeant-surgeon.

Son of a Huguenot refugee, naturalised in London. Admitted to the Freedom of the Barber-Surgeons Company in 1728; master 1731. Serjeant-surgeon to George I.

Early advocate for smallpox inoculation. Inoculated Princesses Amelia and Caroline.

Ancell, Henry

  • Person
  • 1802-1863

Born in Croydon, the son of a cotton-mill owner. Apprenticed to a physician in Suffolk aged 16. Studied medicine in Edinburgh for a winter. Travelled to North America in 1823 for two years. On his return to England, he entered a partnership with his brother William Ancell, who owned a pharmacy.

Attended medical lectures at St George's and St Thomas's and visited Paris for further studies. License of the Apothecaries' Company 1828, diploma of the Royal College of Surgeons 1831.

General practitioner at Albion Street, Hyde Park. Surgeon at the Western General Dispensary 1836. Lecturer on materia media, therapeutics and medical jurisprudence (forensic medicine) at St George's (c.1836-1848) and teacher of medical jurisprudence at St Mary's Hospital. Published on tuberculosis and pathological conditions of blood. Secretary to the National Association of General Practitioners, member of the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association.

Retired due to ill health in 1848. Died in 1863.

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