Tooting, London, United Kingdom

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Tooting, London, United Kingdom

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Tooting, London, United Kingdom

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Tooting, London, United Kingdom

6 Authority record results for Tooting, London, United Kingdom

6 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Fountain Hospital

  • Corporate body
  • 1893-1964

Opened in 1893 by the Metropolitan Asylums Board (MAB) during an epidemic of scarlet fever. Initially conceived of as an annex to the adjacent Grove Fever Hospital, opened in 1899.

The hospital was removed in 1911 by MAB from its isolation hospitals service. It was reopened in 1912 as a mental hospital for 'unimprovable imbeciles' and renamed the Fountain Mental Hospital. A school was established in 1917 for the children in the hospital.

The hospital was hit by a bomb in 1944 during the Second World War and many parts of it destroyed.

In 1948 the hospital joined the NHS and became the Fountain Hospital, under the control of the Fountain Group Hospital Management Committee. A new X-ray department was established in 1950, but the old buildings, intended to be temporary, were not replaced by more permanent buildings as the site was decided to use to move St George's Hospital to from Hyde Park Corner. The Fountain Hospital was in the 1950s severely overcrowded and the temporary huts were dilapidated. The hospital merged with Queen Mary's Hospital in 1959, becoming the Fountain and Carshalton Group; patients and services were transferred to Queen Mary's Hospital, which was underused and under the threat of closure.

The Mental Health Act 1959 improved the position of the patients, and Queen Mary's Hospital became a comprehensive children's hospital for mental and physical disorders and diseases.

The Fountain Hospital closed in 1963; many of the patients were transferred to St Ebba's Hospital in Epsom and to Queen Mary's Hospital. The buildings were demolished and the site is now occupied by St George's Hospital and St George's, University of London.

Grove Fever Hospital

  • Corporate body
  • 1899-1958

Opened in 1899 in Tooting Grove, opposite the entrance to the Fountain Hospital. During the First World War it became the Grove Military Hospital, and parts of the hospital were designated for infectious diseases, tuberculosis and dermatology and sexually transmitted diseases. It became a fever hospital again in 1920, and was taken over by LCC in 1930.

Joseph Bramhall Ellison, a physician at the hospital, discovered in 1932 that giving Vitamin A to children with measles reduced their mortality rates drastically.

During the Second World War the hospital admitted civilian air-raid casalties, but several ward blocks were damaged by bombs. The hospital joined the NHS in 1948 under the control of the Wandsworth Hospital Group as the Grove Hospital.

The site was designated for St George's Hospital, and patients from St George's began to be admitted in 1951; staff and patients from St James' Hospital, Balham were also temporarily transferred to the hospital. St George's Hospital took over administrative control of the Grove Hospital in 1954, and it became the Tooting branch of St George's Hospital. Many of the original buildings were demolished in the 1970s.

Royal Dental Hospital of London

  • Corporate body
  • 1858-1985

Opened in 1858 at Soho Square. Dental School opened the following year to provide formal education and training. Following the introduction of chloroform anaesthesia in 1866, the hospital began to use nitrous oxide as an anaesthetic.

The hospital moved to Leicester Square in 1874 due to inadequate space on Soho Square. The hospital continued to be overcrowded, despite only accepting out-patients, and expanded several times in the 1880s and 1890s. The hospital was rebuilt in 1897, and opened in 1901 as the Royal Dental Hospital of London.

The hospital and London School of Dental Surgery joined the University of London in 1911. Female students were admitted following First World War. During the Second World War, the hospital remained open, despite some damage caused by a landmine in 1940.

The hospital joined the NHS in 1948 and came under the administration of St George's Hospital Management Committee. In the 1950s, most of the non-clinical facilities were moved to Orange Street. In 1974, the hospital came under the control of the Wandsworth and East Merton (Teaching) District Health Authority, part of the South West Thames Regional Health Authority. In 1976 the preclinical departments of the Dental School relocated to Tooting. In 1983 the school merged with the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals, and the Royal Dental Hospital closed in 1985.

St George's Hospital Medical School, London

  • GB/NNAF/C43282 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/O27447 )
  • Corporate body
  • 1752-

St George's, University of London (legal name St George's Hospital Medical School, informally St George's or SGUL), is a medical school located in Tooting in South West London. The Medical School shares a closely related history with St George's Hospital, which opened in 1733 at Lanesborough House, Hyde Park Corner in Central London. St George's was the second institution in England to provide formal training courses for doctors (after the University of Oxford). The Medical School became a constituent college of the University of London soon after the latter's establishment in 1836.

From the very beginning, the physicians and surgeons were permitted by the laws of the Hospital to have a limited number of pupils. A formal register of pupils was maintained from 1752. The earliest recorded course of lectures at the hospital was that delivered by Sir Everard Home some time before 1803. Prior to this, there were no lectures and little regular teaching at all in the Hospital other than what the students could pick up from the physicians and surgeons on their way round the wards. Attempts to remedy this situation were a cause of friction between renowned surgeon John Hunter and his colleagues. In 1793 they drew up a number of suggestions and regulations relating to the instruction and discipline of the pupils of the hospital.

From the beginning of the nineteenth century medical training became more structured, and pupils at St George's were required to learn anatomy at various private anatomy schools, such as the Great Windmill Street School of Medicine established by William Hunter, the brother of John Hunter; the Grosvenor Place School of Anatomy and Medicine established by the former St George's pupil Samuel Lane, the Dean Street School of Medicine run by Joseph Carpue or Joshua Brookes' school of anatomy. Chemistry was taught at the Royal Institution in Albermarle Street in addition to the clinical subjects which were dealt with at St George's Hospital.

Samuel Lane's anatomy school was also known as 'The School of Anatomy and Medicine adjoining St George's Hospital'. Due to disagreement between Lane and other medical officers at St George's, it was seen as essential to have a school of anatomy more closely connected to St George's and controlled by staff there. This led to surgeon Benjamin Brodie purchasing a house on Kinnerton Street, which he then leased back to St George's for use as an anatomy theatre, a lecture room and a museum. As a result of this, for 20 years there were now two rival schools associated with St George's. Attempts were made to amalgamate the two schools, but none succeeded. Finally the Kinnerton School moved to buildings attached to the hospital in 1868 and became the sole 'Medical School of St George's Hospital'. Lane's school closed down in 1863.

Although pupils were trained at the Hospital from its foundation, the medical school was not formally established until 1834 when it opened at the premises on Kinnerton Street. The formal opening ceremony for the school was held in 1835 in the Anatomy Theatre on the premises, and saw the dissection of an ancient Egyptian mummy.

In 1868 the medical school at Kinnerton Street was moved to the buildings at the south-west corner of the hospital site in Hyde Park itself, with the main entrance in Knightsbridge and the back entrance on Grosvenor Crescent Mews. Until 1946 the Medical School, although recognised as a School of London University, was controlled by a Medical School Committee, made up of honorary staff of the Hospital. In 1945 the Medical School Committee was divided into a School Council and an Academic Board.

In 1915, in response to wartime staff shortages, St George's admitted its first four female medical students. Just before the outbreak of World War Two, it was decided that St George's needed to be rebuilt on its Hyde Park Corner site. The plan was however abandoned by the commencement of the war. During the War, against a background of the population shift from central London, discussions took place which paved the way for Saint George's to be rebuilt and transferred out of the city centre. With the introduction of the National Health Service in 1948, the hospital became part of the Saint George's Hospital Teaching Group of the South West Metropolitan Regional Hospital Board. Soon after, the Board of Governors persuaded Aneurin Bevan, the Minister of Health, that the new Hospital should be built on the Grove Fever Hospital and Fountain Hospital sites in Tooting.

The building of the new Saint George's at Tooting, South West London, began in 1973. The first phase of the new Saint George's Hospital Medical School opened in 1976. The Hospital at Hyde Park closed its doors for the final time in 1980 and HM Queen Elizabeth II formally opened the new St George's Hospital and Medical School at Tooting on 6 November 1980.

St George's Hospital, London

  • GB/NNAF/C179806 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/O108191 )
  • Corporate body
  • 1733-

St George's Hospital opened in 1733 at Lanesborough House, Hyde Park Corner in London, in what was then a countryside location. The hospital owes its existence to four men, Henry Hoare, William Wogan, Robert Witham and the Reverend Patrick Cockburn, who collectively founded the Westminster Public Infirmary in Petty France in 1720. The ever increasing needs of the sick forced the Westminster Public Infirmary to seek improved and enlarged premises. A disagreement between members of both the Governors and medical staff on the choice of building led to the founding of both Westminster Hospital in Castle Lane and Saint George's Hospital on Hyde Park Corner.

In 1735, Saint George's Hospital purchased the freehold of Lanesborough House, two adjoining houses and two acres of land. Under the direction of Isaac Ware of the Board of Works, the hospital was enlarged to accommodate 200 patients. By 1825 the hospital was falling into disrepair. A competition was held for the design of a new hospital. It was won by William Wilkins, and the new building was opened at Hyde Park Corner in 1829. Since its foundation, Saint George's Hospital has been training medical students. In 1834, a medical school was established in Kinnerton Street and it was incorporated into the main hospital building in 1868.

Just before the beginning of the Second World War, it was decided that Saint George's needed to be rebuilt on its Hyde Park Corner site. The plan was however abandoned by the commencement of hostilities. During the War, against a background of the population shift from central London, discussions took place which paved the way for Saint George's to be rebuilt and transferred out of the city centre. With the introduction of the National Health Service in 1948, the hospital became part of the Saint George's Hospital Teaching Group of the South West Metropolitan Regional Hospital Board. Soon after, the Board of Governors persuaded Aneurin Bevan, the Minister of Health, that the new hospital should be built on the Grove Fever Hospital and Fountain Hospital sites in Tooting. Patients began to be admitted into the Grove Hospital in 1951 and, by 1953, the Grove Hospital was designated to Saint George's and responsibility for it was transferred from the Wandsworth Hospital Group to the Board of Governors of Saint George's. The Fountain Children's Hospital site adjacent to the Grove Hospital was added to the land available for the Saint George's Hospital redevelopment when the Fountain transferred to Queen Mary's Hospital, Carshalton.

The building of the new Saint George's at Tooting, South West London, began in 1973. Following the reorganisation of the National Health Service in 1974, the Board of Governors was disbanded, and the responsibility for Saint George's Hospital was passed to the Wandsworth and Merton District of the Merton, Sutton and Wandsworth Area Health Authority. South West Thames Regional Health Authority assumed responsibility for the rebuilding of the new Saint George's. The first phase of the new Saint George's Hospital Medical School opened in 1976. The hospital at Hyde Park closed its doors for the final time in 1980 and HM Queen Elizabeth II formally opened the new St George's Hospital and Medical School at Tooting on 6 November 1980. Lanesborough Wing, the first of the ward blocks opened in 1980. In 1993, Saint George's Hospital came under the control of Saint George's Healthcare NHS Trust.

The hospital has been administered by the following:

1733 - 1948: Saint George's Hospital
1948 - 1974: Saint George's Hospital Teaching Group of South West Metropolitan Regional Hospital Board
1974 - 1982: Merton, Sutton and Wandsworth Area Health Authority of South West Thames Regional Hospital Board
1982 - 1993: Wandsworth District Health Authority of South West Thames Regional Hospital Board
1993 - : Saint George's Healthcare NHS Trust

Tooting Bec Hospital

  • Corporate body
  • 1902-1995

Opened as the fourth asylum by the Metropolitan Asylums Board in 1902 following overcrowding in its first three asylums; first patients were admitted in 1903. It was designated as a hospital for 'infirm epileptics', patients with senile dementia and others 'requiring exceptional individual attention'.

The site was expanded in 1906, and the First World War temporarily postponed further expansion. The first part of the extension was finished in 1924, and the hospital came to exclusively house patients with senile dementia.

The hospital came under the control of the LCC in 1930, and was renamed Tooting Bec Hospital in 1937. It joined the NHS in 1948 under the control of the Tooting Bec Hospital Management Committee, part of the South West Metropolitan Regional Hospital Board. In 1974, it came under the administration of the St Thomas' (Teaching) District Health Authority, part of the South East Thames Regional Health Authority, and in 1982 under the West Lambeth District Health Authority. The hospital closed in 1995, and its services were transferred to St Thomas' Hospital.