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27 Authority record results for Therapeutics

Addyman, John Gardner

  • Person
  • 1867-1946

Educated at Bradford Grammar School, Magdalen College, Oxford where he studied chemistry, and Heidelberg University in Germany. Worked as a demonstrator in chemistry in Oxford

Lecturer in chemistry at St George's Medical School and biochemist at St George's Hospital.

In charge of the Physiological Laboratory of the London University at the Imperial Institute in South Kensington, where he studied chloroform anaesthesia with George Buckmaster and cholesterol.

Blomfield, Joseph

  • Person
  • 1870-1948

Student at University of Cambridge and St George's Hospital Medical School. Editor of St George's Hospital Gazette. Held various house posts at St George's Hospital before specialising in anaesthesia. Held appointments at several other London Hospitals. Senior anaesthetist at St George's until his retirement in 1931. During WWI commissioned by the Army; worked for the EMS during WWII. Member and honorary secretary of the Society of Anaesthetists. Founding member and president of the Section of Anaesthetics at the Royal Society of Medicine. Founding board member and editor of the British Journal of Anaesthesia. Published widely on anaesthetics. OBE in 1919 for his work during the First World War. Wrote a history of St George's.

Married twice.


  • Person
  • ? -1857

Carpue, Joseph Constantine

  • Person
  • 1764-1848

Enrolled as a student in August 1796 under Everard Home. After 1799 he took up surgical posts at the Duke of York Hospital, Chelsea, St. Pancras’ Infirmary, and the National Vaccine Institution. He achieved fame as an anatomical tutor with a private school of anatomy in Dean Street, Soho. His bust by William Behnes was bequeathed to St. George’s Hospital by his daughter Emma Carpue who also left the hospital £6,500. He died in 1846 following an accident on the South-Western railway from which he never recovered.

Davidson, William Marshall

  • Person
  • ?-1905

Born in Maida Vale, London.

Student at St George's Hospital Medical School 1884. MB Lond 1890, MRCS, LRCP 1889. MD London, MRCP. House physician at St George's Hospital 1889, medical registrar 1898, anesthetist.

Consulting physician at the Convent of the Good Shepherd, Hammersmith. Prosector at the Royal College of Surgeons. RMO at the Royal National Hospital for Consumption, Ventnor, Isle of Wight.

Died 19 Oct 1905.

Edwards, George

  • Person

Student at St George's; qualified in 1926. Resident anaesthetist at St George's and at St Thomas's Hospitals. Assistant anaesthetist at St George's in 1930, anaesthetist in 1931, senior anaesthetist in 1933, head of department of anaesthetics. Senior anaesthetist to the Royal Masonic Hospital, consulting anaesthetist to the Samaritan Hospital (St Mary's), the General Lying-In Hospital (St Thomas') and to Queen Charlotte's Hospital.

Member of the first Board of the Faculty of Anaesthetists. President of the Section of Anaesthetics of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Appointed honorary archivist and librarian at St George's in the 1960s following his retirement.

Elliott Blake, Henry

  • Person
  • 1902-1983

The first honorary plastic surgeon at St George's Hospital.

He was also a painter, and painted portraits of several of his colleagues at St George's.

Gordon, Hugh Walker

  • Person
  • 1897-1987

Born in Maxwelton, Kirkcudbrightshire. His father, H. Sharpe Gordon, was a solicitor. Educated at Marlborough before entering the Army in the RFA; he was wounded and invalided out in 1918, receiving the Military Cross. After the war he entered Pembroke College, Cambridge, initially to study history but changing to natural sciences.

He won a scholarship to the medical school at St George's Hospital. After qualification he obtained the post of resident medical officer for one year, before studying dermatology and radiotherapy at St Louis Hospital in Paris, France and Vienna, Austria. On his return to London he was employed at St John's Hospital, Lewisham, the Shadwell Children's Hospital and the East Ham Memorial Hospital.

In 1933, he joined the staff at St George's Hospital as assistant skin physician, relinquishing his three previous appointments, but adding two others at the West London Hospital and the Cancer (now the Royal Marsden) Hospital in Fulham Road. His roles at St George's later also encompassed those of an administrator and acting dean of the medical school, as well as director of the V.D. (veneral diseases) department. He was responsible for the introduction of female students from Cambridge to St George's following the Second World War; while women had been allowed to study medicine at St George's during the First World War, they had not been admitted in the interwar period.

In 1939 Gordon was appointed sector dermatologist to the EMS Sector Seven which entailed weekly visits to a number of hospitals. At the Cancer Hospital he became an expert at treating the various skin malignancies, and his previous interest in radiotherapy proved valuable. He soon became intrigued by the possible role of hypnosis in the treatment of various skin conditions, and with the assistance of Kathryn Cohen (who had studied at St George's as one of the first female students in 1945 and was working at St George's Hospital as a psychoanalyst) and S. Mason, he undertook a study and presented the results to the 1952 International Congress in London.

In 1963 he was president of the British Association of Dermatologists, and also president of the dermatological section of the Royal Society of Medicine. He was chairman of the medical staff committee at St George's for three years and was Governor of St George's Hospital 1948-1952.

He was married to Jean Robertson; they were married at St George's, Hanover Square.

Granville, Augustus Bozzi

  • Person
  • 1783-1872

Lecturer in chemistry at St George's Hospital Medical School. Physician to Westminster General Dispensary. Editor of The Medical Intelligencer, and The London Medical and Physical Journal, Fellow of the Royal Society of Physicians. Founding member of the Athanaeum. President of the Westminster Medical Society, Vice President of the British Medical Society,

Born in Milan, Italy. Educated in Pavia. Left Italy for political reasons, and travelled to Constantinople [Istanbul, Turkey] with Lord Elgin, a British diplomat, as a physician to the British Embassy. Joined the Turkish Fleet as a physician, travelling throughout the Mediterranean and practicing in Spain before joining the British Navy as a surgeon. After marrying an English woman, moved to London to practice as a physician and to lecture at St George's.

Married Ms Kerr in 1809. Campaigned for Italian independence.

Grosvenor, Robert

  • Person
  • 1801-1893

Subscriber to St George's Hospital in 1863. Whig politician, courtier. He was a strong supporter of homeopathy, and served as chairman and president of the London Homoeopathic Hospital from its foundation in 1849.

Hounsfield, Godfrey

  • Person
  • 1919-2004

Electrical engineer, who shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Allan MacLeod Cormack for his part in developing the diagnostic technique of X-ray computed tomography (CT scanning). His prototype CT scanner was introduced into medical practice in 1971 at Atkinson Morley Hospital with a successful scan on a cerebral cyst patient.

Howat, Douglas Donald Currie

  • Person
  • 1920-2006

Born in Denholm, Scotland. Studied medicine at King's College and at St George's Hospital Medical School, 1940-1943. MBBS 1943.

Anaesthetist at St George's Hospital. Helped Charles Drew set up the first cardiac surgery unit at St George's. Worked with Rodney Smith. Fellow of the Royal College of Anaesthetists

Jones, Thomas

  • Person
  • ?

Student at St George's 1854. LSA 1860. MRCS 1861. MD Aberdeen 1870. MB 1869.

Resident anaesthetist and medical officer at St George's Hospital for 11 years.

Physician at Victoria Hospital for Sick Children. Private practice at 4 Chesham Place, SW London.

Lane, Samuel Armstrong

  • Person
  • 1802-1892

Educated at the Great Windmill Street School and St George’s Hospital. On his application as an assistant surgeon at St George’s in 1834, however, he was turned down in favour of Edward Cutler. Feeling he had been unfairly treated because Cutler was a relative of Benjamin Collins Brodie, Lane founded a rival anatomical school nearby at Grosvenor Place; the school soon became popular and was one of the schools attended by the pupils from St George’s Hospital.

Lane became senior surgeon to St Mary’s Hospital soon after its establishment in 1852, and Lane transferred his pathological and anatomical collections to the new school at St Mary’s Hospital. He also worked at the Lock Hospital. He was one of the original 300 fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons, and a member of the Council. He was also a fellow, member of the Council and vice-president of the Royal Medico-Chirurgical Society.

He was known as a skilled surgeon, and was one of the first to practice ovariotomy. He also performed the first successful blood transfer to treat haemophilia in 1840. He published a series of well-received articles on syphilis, however, being opposed to medical specialisms he refused to continue publishing on the subject.

He retired to Ealing, and died 2 Aug 1892, aged 90. His nephew James Robert Lane and his great-nephew James Ernest Lane continued his work at St Mary’s Hospital and with syphilis.

Mainauduc, John Boniot de

  • Person
  • c. 1750–1797

Born in Cork, Ireland to a French Protestant family. Educated in London at Windmill Street School under William Hunter. Pupil at St George's Hospital 1769; dresser under William Bromfield, John Gunning, Caesar Hawkins and John Hunter. Opened an apothecary's shop in 1775. Member of the College of Surgeons 1777. In practice in Red Lion Square and Covent Garden in London. Teacher of anatomy and midwifery at Cecil Street, Strand and a pupil at St Thomas's Hospital. Studied further at Rheims. Became known as animal magnetizer.

McEntee, John Charles

  • Person
  • 1900-1969

Born in Sligo, Ireland. Educated at Clongowes Wood College and Trinity College, Dublin.

Moved to England and joined a practice in a Derbyshire coal district before moving to London. Assistant medical officer at the North Western Hospital, Hampstead.

Physician in charge of the infectious diseases unit at the Grove Hospital in 1962, when the hospital was taken over by St George's. Lecturer in infectious diseases at St Thomas's Hospital. Physician in charge of the infectious diseases at the South Western Hospital. Physician to the Victoria Hospital for Children, Tite Street. Smallpox consultat to the Ministry of Health in 1962. Lecturer in infectious diseases to St George's Medical School. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians.

Published on infectious and children's diseases, including scarlet fever, diphtheria, pertussis, measles and children's diarrhoea.

Married Nora Ruth Walding Prag in 1941; they had two daughters and a son. Retired in 1965, but retained his smallpox consultancy and honorary consultancy to St George's; became a part-time school medical officer.

Pearson, George

  • Person
  • 1751-1828

MD Edinburgh. Licentiate Royal College of Physicians. Fellow of the Royal Society. Physician at St George’s Hospital 1787-1828. Lecturer in chemistry, materia medica and the practice of medicine. Published on smallpox, vaccination, materia medica and food.

Physick, Philip Syng

  • Person
  • 1768-1837

Born in Philadelphia, USA. Graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1785, after which he continued his studies in London at St George's under John Hunter.

House surgeon at St George's Hospital 1790. Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1791. Moved to Edinburgh, where he received his MD in 1792. Returned to Philadelphia to work at the Pennsylvania Hospital, where he was during the 1793 yellow fever epidemic. Elected member of the American Philosophical Society in 1802.

He performed the first human blood transfusion in 1795, although he did not publish on it. He pioneered the use of stomach pump and used autopsy as a method for observation and discovery. He specialised in cataract surgery, and designed multiple surgical instruments, including the needle forceps, guillotine for performing tonsillectomies and improved splints for treating disclocations. He is often known as the 'Father of American Surgery'.

Sibson, Francis

  • Person
  • 1814-1876

Lecturer at Lane’s School of Medicine adjoining St. George’s Hospital

Snow, John

  • Person
  • 1813-1858

Born in York, the son of a labourer working at a coal yard and later as a farmer. Growing up in a poor neighbourhood by the River Ouse, Snow had early experience of unsanitary conditions and contaminated water and sewage. He first encountered cholera epidemic during his apprenticeship as surgeon-apothecary in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, which he started aged 14; he treated many of the victims of the disease in Killingworth. He worked as an assistant to a colliery surgeon in a coal mine in County Durham and in West Riding of Yorkshire 1832-1835.

He moved to London, and from 1836 he was a student at the Hunterian School of Medicine on Great Windmill Street. He worked at Westminster Hospital 1837. MD from the University of London 1844. Member of the Royal College of Surgeons 1838, the Royal College of Physicians 1850 and the Westminster Medical Society. Founding member of the Epidemiological Society of London, formed in 1850 in response to the 1849 cholera outbreak. Private practice as surgeon and GP on 54 Frith Street, Soho.

He studied physic at St George's Hospital 1848-50, and experimented with his use of anaesthetics at St George's.

Snow was one of the early adopters of the use of ether and chloroform as surgical anaesthetics, designing an apparatus and a mask for safely administering ether to patients. He administered chloroform to Queen Victoria during the births of the last two of her children in 1853 and 1857, making the use of obstetric anaesthesia more popular.

Snow did not believe in the then-current miasma theory of the origins of diseases such as cholera, according to which they were spread by 'bad air'. During the 1854 cholera outbreak in Soho, Snow identified the public water pump on Broad Street (later Browdwick Street) as the source of the outbreak by studying the pattern and dissemination of the disease in the area. The pump handle was replaced, but Snow's theory did not immediately gain wide acceptance.

Published widely on on anaesthesia and cholera.

Teetotaller, and part of the temperance movement. Ovo-lacto-vegetarian and later vegan, until suffering from a renal disorder later in life, which he attributed to his vegan diet, Snow tried to only drink pure, boiled water. He never married. He died in London 10 Jun 1858 aged 45 following a stroke. He was buried in Brompton Cemetery.

Ward, Arthur H.

  • Person
  • 1864-1942

Born 5th October 1864, the son of Rev George T. Ward of Stanton St Bernard, Wiltshire. Educated at Moneton and St George's Hospital where he was assistant demonstrator in the medical school.

He held various resident posts at St George's Hospital and became surgical registrar and anaesthetist. After serving as clinical assistant at the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital, Moorfields, he interested himself in dermatology and syphilis and was appointed surgeon to the Lock Hospital. During the first world war he served as resident medical officer to the Red Cross Hospital for Officers in Torquay, and served with the temporary rank of Captain in the RAMC.

He practiced at 31 Grosvenor Street, London and lived at Denmark Hill. He retired to Greve d'Azette, Jersey, where he died on 21st February 1942, aged 77.

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