Born in Laugharne, Carmarthen, Wales.
Student at St George's Hospital Medical School, where he won several prizes. House surgeon at St George's Hospital. Visiting surgeon at Atkinson Morley's Convalescent Home, Wimbledon.
House surgeon at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge 1881; private assistant of Sir George Humphry. Spent three years at Cambridge, studying at Downing College alongside his work. FRCS 1883.
Returned to St George's Hospital as assistant surgeon 1893, surgeon to the Throat Department 1895, surgeon 1900, consulting surgeon 1907-1922. Anaesthetist, curator of the museum 1886.
Assistant surgeon to Westminster Hospital 1886. Assistant surgeon, aural surgeon, demonstrator of anatomy and lecturer on practical surgery in the medical school at Charing Cross Hospital, 1887-1893. Surgeon and consulting surgeon to the Waterloo Road Hospital for Women and Children and the Hospital of St John and St Elizabeth. Secretary to the Medical Society of London, the Dermatological Society and the Surgical Section of the British Medical Association 1895, examiner in surgery at the University of Cambridge and at Apothecaries' Hall.In 1907, he inoculated himself with syphilis during an operation, and had to retire aged 49 due to ill health. After multiple operations, his health improved. During the First World War he served as operating surgeon to a military hospital at Exmouth, near Budleigh Salterton where he had retired to.
He died, unmarried, 5 Aug 1922 following a seizure whilst on holiday in the Hebrides.