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Davidson, William Lee
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Albert Henderson, 2 years 6 months , [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 2 years 6 months
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 27 Apr 1898
Date of death: 29 Apr 1898
Disease (transcribed): Meningitis. General tuberculosis
Disease (standardised): Meningitis (Brain); Tuberculosis (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Penrose, Francis George
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Muir, Hugh Brown
Medical notes: The child had been ill for seven days when he became repeatedly convulsed and unconscious.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Brain, lungs, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys, stomach and intestines
Type of incident: n/a

Benjamin Richardson, 63, Fitter

Occupation or role: Fitter
Age: 63
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 12 Jul 1897
Date of death: 18 Jul 1897
Disease (transcribed): Thoracic aneurysm rupturing into the oesophagus. Osteoma of frontal sinus
Disease (standardised): Aneurysm (Aorta); Rupture (Oesophagus); Osteoma (Head) ()
Admitted under the care of: Ewart, William
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Rolleston, Humphry Davy
Medical notes: 'The man's history was that for 12 years a tumour had been growing from the left orbit; that in 1845 he was 'laid up' for 14 weeks, 'coughing up something from the Rt [Right] side of his chest: that 9 months before admission, when at work, he became faint, his hands numb and cold, and he sweated; since which time – with the exception of one week – he was unable to work, suffered from pain in the left side, chest or epigastrium, especially severe after taking food'
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Head, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Charlotte Allen, 14, Laundress

Occupation or role: Laundress
Age: 14
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 27 Jul 1897
Date of death: 29 Jul 1897
Disease (transcribed): Suppurating cyst of the broad ligament
Disease (standardised): Cyst (Uterus); Suppuration (Uterus) ()
Admitted under the care of: Penrose, Francis George
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Latham, Arthur Carlyle
Medical notes: 'Became ill June 23rd. The girl, who worked an an ironer in a laundry, and who had neither been constipated nor suffered any previous illness, did not feel well and experienced slight pain in lower abdomen on June 23rd. She took some pills at night, was purged, and on the morning of the 24th went to work as usual; but, feeling very ill, and the abdominal pain being more severe, she returned and went to bed. She did not vomit. She remained in bed; her belly became distended and she had diarrhoea'
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Vagina, intestines, uterus, bladder, ovaries

Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Miller, 24, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 24
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 6 Sep 1890
Date of death: 13 Sep 1890
Disease (transcribed): Suppuration of middle ear. Thrombosis of lat. Sinus. Pyaemia
Disease (standardised): Suppuration (Ear); Thrombosis (Transverse sinuses); Sepsis (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Rouse, James
Medical examination performed by: Le Cronier, Maxwell
Post mortem examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Medical notes: The patient had had a discharge from the right ear for the last twelve years, and had been quite deaf on that side.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Brain, middle ears, heart, lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys, uterus and ovaries
Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Spencer, 36, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 36
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 13 Jan 1898
Date of death: 25 Apr 1898
Disease (transcribed): Chronic nephritis. Paraplegia following upon venesection and intravenous infection of saline fluid
Disease (standardised): Nephritis (Kidney); Paraplegia (Nervous system); Phlebotomy (Veins)
Admitted under the care of: Cavafy, John
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Muir, Hugh Brown
Medical notes: She gave a history of polyuria during the last five or six years. Six weeks before admission she became dropsical and her urine scanty.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Heart, kidneys, peritoneum and intestines
Type of incident: n/a

Emily Ford, 48, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 48
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 14 Sep 1890
Date of death: 17 Sep 1890
Disease (transcribed): Malignant stricture of sigmoid flexure. Secondary deposits in liver. Removal of right ovary. Haemorrhage into peritoneum
Disease (standardised): Cancer (Intestines); Cancer (Liver); Operation (Ovary); Haemorrhage (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: Le Cronier, Maxwell
Post mortem examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Medical notes: On February 22nd the patient was seen by a doctor and was then suffering from supposed neuralgic pain in the back, left groin and thigh. A tumour about the size of a banana was found in the left iliac fossa.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Peritoneum, uterus, liver, gall bladder, spleen and kidneys
Type of incident: n/a

Emma Manning, 35, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 35
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 17 Jul 1890
Date of death: 7 Aug 1890
Disease (transcribed): Suppurating hydatid of the liver
Disease (standardised): Suppuration (Liver); Echinococcosis (Liver)
Admitted under the care of: Whipham, Thomas Tillyer
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Newton, Reginald Frederick Henry
Medical notes: The patient said that she enjoyed good health until eleven weeks before her admission to the Hospital, when she was attacked with severe pain in the right side of the chest, shivering and sweating. A few days later she became jaundiced.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Lungs, heart, diaphragm, abdomen, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys and intestines
Type of incident: n/a

Frances Hook, 16, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 16
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 15 Sep 1890
Date of death: 15 Sep 1890
Disease (transcribed): Perforation vermiform appendix. Perityphlitic abscess. Peritonitis
Disease (standardised): Perforation (Appendix); Abscess (Caecum); Peritonitis (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Pick, Thomas Pickering
Medical examination performed by: Le Cronier, Maxwell
Post mortem examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Medical notes: Twelve days before admission the patient felt a sudden pain in the stomach, sweated and shivered, took to bed and stayed there.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen. No further examination allowed
Type of incident: n/a

Frank Poulton, 27, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 27
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 19 Sep 1890
Date of death: Brought in dead
Disease (transcribed): Partial dislocation of occipital-atlanto joint. Extravasation of blood over surface of brain and into tissues of neck
Disease (standardised): Dislocation (Skull); Extravasation (Brain); Extravasation (Neck)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: Le Cronier, Maxwell
Post mortem examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Medical notes: The patient was brought in dead having received a blow from the chain of a railway carriage behind the left ear.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Skull, brain, pleurae, lungs, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys and peritoneum
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

George Barker, 3, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 3
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 5 Jul 1897
Date of death: 6 Jul 1897
Disease (transcribed): Diphtheria. Bronchopneumonia and caseating tubercle glands
Disease (standardised): Diphtheria (Pharynx); Bronchopneumonia (Lung); Tuberculosis (Lung) ()
Admitted under the care of: Cavafy, John
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Latham, Arthur Carlyle
Medical notes: 'The child was admitted into hospital on June 17th suffering from spasmodic cough and hoarseness of voice. Nothing abnormal was seen in his throat, the temperature was subnormal, the severity of the cough diminished, and after remaining in the hospital for three days, the child was discharged. The mother stated that after leaving the hospital the child remained hoarse so that at times he was scarce able to speak, had frequent attacks of violent cough; that on July 3rd his breathing became impeded and the cough more severe'
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

George Wall, 19, Painter

Occupation or role: Painter
Age: 19
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 13 Sep 1890
Date of death: 19 Sep 1890
Disease (transcribed): Suppuration of middle ear. Meningitis
Disease (standardised): Suppuration (Ear); Meningitis (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Pick, Thomas Pickering
Medical examination performed by: Le Cronier, Maxwell
Post mortem examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Medical notes: The patient had always had fairly good health except for discharge from the left ear from which he had suffered for years. 10 days before admission he was at work and on returning home complained of giddiness.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Brain, heart, lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys, peritoneum and intestines
Type of incident: n/a

Hannah Cole, 49, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 49
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 6 Aug 1890
Date of death: 26 Aug 1890
Disease (transcribed): Malignant ulcer of the stomach
Disease (standardised): Cancer (Stomach)
Admitted under the care of: Ewart, William
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Rolleston, Humphry Davy
Medical notes: For four months the woman had been losing flesh and her abdomen and legs had swelled.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, bronchial glands, pericardium, heart, abdomen, liver, spleen, pancreas, bladder, suprarenals, intestines, kidneys and uterus
Type of incident: n/a

Henry Dale, 3 years 9 months , [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 3 years 9 months
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 6 Apr 1898
Date of death: 25 Apr 1898
Disease (transcribed): Carditis. Dropsy
Disease (standardised): Myocarditis (Heart); Oedema (Indeterminate)
Admitted under the care of: Dickinson, William Lee
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: See medical notes
Body parts examined in the post mortem: No examination after death
Type of incident: n/a

Henry Hurst, 47, Cabman

Occupation or role: Cabman
Age: 47
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 28 Apr 1898
Date of death: 28 Apr 1898
Disease (transcribed): Aortic aneurism with regurgitation
Disease (standardised): Aneurysm (Aorta)
Admitted under the care of: Penrose, Francis George
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Muir, Hugh Brown
Medical notes: For fourteen days he had complained of a feeling of tightness across the chest. When waiting to take his cab out from the mews it was noticed that he had fallen down and was pale and unconscious.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Brain, lungs, heart, peritoneum, liver, spleen and kidneys
Type of incident: n/a

Henry Ingray, 6, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 6
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 19 Sep 1890
Date of death: Brought in dead
Disease (transcribed): Rupture of liver. Haemorrhage into peritoneum
Disease (standardised): Rupture (Liver); Haemorrhage (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: Le Cronier, Maxwell
Post mortem examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Medical notes: The patient was brought in dead having been run over by a cab.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Peritoneum, liver, spleen, stomach, intestines, heart and lungs
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Henry Sparks, 50, Cabman

Occupation or role: Cabman
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 31 Jul 1897
Date of death: 31 Jul 1897
Disease (transcribed): Tubercle of lungs with haemoptysis
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Haemoptysis (Lung) ()
Admitted under the care of: Cavafy, John
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Latham, Arthur Carlyle
Medical notes: 'The man was a drunkard, so he drove a cab. It is recorded in the Register of surgical cases (1897-No 251-931) that, upon two occasions, he was an inmate of this hospital. On the first, Feb 15th 1897, after having been confined within doors, by reason of a severe cough for a fortnight, and then fallen from his cab, he was admitted intoxicated with a wounded scalp. […] On the second occasion, May 29th 1897, having impaled himself upon a railing, he was admitted intoxicated with a wound on the left side of his neck extending through the thyro-hyoid membrane, into his pharynx'
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: Trauma/accident

John Adamson, 69, Coachman

Occupation or role: Coachman
Age: 69
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 24 Jul 1897
Date of death: 26 Jul 1897
Disease (transcribed): Spheroidal celled carcinoma of pyloric end of stomach following pyloric ulcer
Disease (standardised): Carcinoma (Stomach); Ulcer (Stomach) ()
Admitted under the care of: Penrose, Francis George
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Latham, Arthur Carlyle
Medical notes: 'Not seen by registrar. The man, who had not enjoyed good health for eighteen months, had, during two months previous to admission, into hospital, been rapidly losing flesh and strength, suffered pain in the left shoulder and loins, and, for three weeks, behind sternum. During these three weeks he had difficulty in connection with the taking of solid food, but its exact nature was not determined. On July 21st he commenced vomiting dark fluid, and continued to do so at intervals of about three hours'
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Louisa Francis, 26, Parlourmaid

Occupation or role: Parlourmaid
Age: 26
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 17 Jul 1897
Date of death: 22 Jul 1897
Disease (transcribed): Typhoid fever
Disease (standardised): Typhoid fever (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Owen, Herbert Isambard
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Latham, Arthur Carlyle
Medical notes: 'The girl, for three months previous to her death, is said, by her brother, to have seemed 'out of sorts', suffering from a 'cold' , lack of appetite, and general malaise. She performed her duties as a parlourmaid until the 13th of July, when a fellow servant, thinking that she seemed ill, attracted his misstress' attention to her condition. She was sent to bed and there remained until she was removed to this hospital, when she was considered to be in the 9th day of her illness'
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • GB 406 PM
  • Collection
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

Robert Jackson, 25, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 25
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 19 Aug 1890
Date of death: 16 Sep 1890
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Whipham, Thomas Tillyer
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Davidson, W. Lee
Medical notes: See Medical Notes
Body parts examined in the post mortem: No post mortem examination
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Topp, 5 months, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 5 months
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 27 Jul 1897
Date of death: 28 Jul 1897
Disease (transcribed): Pertussis. Bronchopneumonia with aortic incompetence
Disease (standardised): Whooping cough (Lung); Bronchopneumonia (Lung); Aortic valve insufficiency (Heart) ()
Admitted under the care of: Penrose, Francis George
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Latham, Arthur Carlyle
Medical notes: 'The child was treated in the outpatient department on July 13th. It had then been coughing for a week and whooping for 4 days. It then had frequent cough and occasional sickness. Soft râles were heard over both lungs behind, chiefly on left side. Only July 20th it stated to have less sickness and whooping'
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William Cox, 54, Coachman

Occupation or role: Coachman
Age: 54
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 30 Apr 1898
Date of death: 1 May 1898
Disease (transcribed): Pneumonia. Fatty heart. Gout. Old pericarditis and peritonitis
Disease (standardised): Pneumonia (Lung); Disease (Heart); Gout (Joints); Pericarditis (Heart); Peritonitis (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Penrose, Francis George
Medical examination performed by: Davidson, William Lee
Post mortem examination performed by: Latham, Arthur Carlyle
Medical notes: The man’s last illness commenced on April 8th when he felt ill and suffered pain in the belly.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, heart, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, adrenals, stomach, testes and toe joints
Type of incident: n/a