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Steward, George William
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Emma Harding, 44, Hospital help

Occupation or role: Hospital help
Age: 44
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 16 Apr 1864
Date of death: 24 Apr 1864
Disease (transcribed): Typhus fever
Disease (standardised): Typhus (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Pitman, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Barker, William Levington
Post mortem examination performed by: Steward, George William and Sturges, Octavius
Medical notes: 'This woman was a help in the hospital, & had been washing the wards & waiting upon 2 or 3 patients who were in the hospital with typhus fever’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

George Forester, 47, Labourer

Occupation or role: Labourer
Age: 47
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 22 Jun 1864
Date of death: 30 Jun 1864
Disease (transcribed): Typhus?
Disease (standardised): Typhus (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Medical examination performed by: Dickinson, William Howship
Post mortem examination performed by: Steward, George William and Sturges, Octavius
Medical notes: '(This and the following case were observed by Dr Steward [George William Steward] in my absence. I copy them from his notes. O.S. [Octavius Sturges]. The patient is a bricklayer, sturdy and well-made. He has been ill five days, sickness and headache with rigors being the chief symptoms’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Chest, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Henry Sandford, 30, Clerk

Occupation or role: Clerk
Age: 30
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 15 Mar 1864
Date of death: 22 Apr 1864
Disease (transcribed): Typhus
Disease (standardised): Typhus (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Pollock, George and Fuller, Henry William
Medical examination performed by: Dickinson, William Howship
Post mortem examination performed by: Steward, George William and Sturges, Octavius
Medical notes: 'Admitted into the surgical wards with varicose aneurism of right arm, which had existed about four years. In 1860 he retired to bed in his usual health, awoke suddenly during the night & found the whole right side of body with right extremities cold & numbed’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Shoulder, chest, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Noah Smith, [No age stated], Labourer

Occupation or role: Labourer
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 Apr 1864
Date of death: 21 Apr 1864
Disease (transcribed): Typhus? Scarlet fever?
Disease (standardised): Typhus (Systemic); Scarlet fever (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Fuller, Henry William
Medical examination performed by: Dickinson, William Howship
Post mortem examination performed by: Steward, George William and Sturges, Octavius
Medical notes: 'This patient was brought into the hospital in a semicomatose state by a friend, who could give no more account of him than that he had been ill for 3 or 4 days’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Chest, abdomen, pharynx

Type of incident: n/a

Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • 406 PM
  • Collection
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

For more information and updates about the project, see our project page

The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

Richard Fryatt, 28, Coachman

Occupation or role: Coachman
Age: 28
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 13 Jun 1863
Date of death: 15 Jun 1863
Disease (transcribed): Congestion of brain. Symptoms of delirium tremens
Disease (standardised): Congestion (Brain); Alcohol withdrawal delirium (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Pitman, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Steward, George William
Post mortem examination performed by: Dickinson, William Howship
Medical notes: His master reported him to have been a confirmed drunkard for the last six or seven years. While putting on his boots that morning he suddenly felt pain in the left hand which ascended to the left shoulder and was followed by loss of power.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Head, chest and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Durell, 28, Plasterer

Occupation or role: Plasterer
Age: 28
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1864
Date of death: 28 Apr 1864
Disease (transcribed): Pneumonia
Disease (standardised): Pneumonia (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Fuller, Henry William
Medical examination performed by: Dickinson, William Howship
Post mortem examination performed by: Steward, George William and Sturges, Octavius
Medical notes: 'This patient was a plasterer by occupation, a single man of dissolute habits. His mother reports that he had been in failing health for the last 3 years, being often laid up with ‘lung symptoms’. He was in his usual health the morning before admission & went to work at 5am. At 10am he was brought home in a cab in a violent fit & rigors’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Chest, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Ewers, 50, Chelsea pensioner

Occupation or role: Chelsea pensioner
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 12 Jun 1863
Date of death: 12 Jun 1863
Disease (transcribed): Congestion of brain. Symptoms of delirium tremens
Disease (standardised): Congestion (Brain); Alcohol withdrawal delirium (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Pitman, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Steward, George William
Post mortem examination performed by: Dickinson, William Howship
Medical notes: By his own account he had been drinking hard for the last six weeks and had been more or less in a state of intoxication every night.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, chest and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

William Preston, 35, Labourer

Occupation or role: Labourer
Age: 35
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 25 Jun 1864
Date of death: 30 Jun 1864
Disease (transcribed): Congestion of brain
Disease (standardised): Congestion (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Medical examination performed by: Dickinson, William Howship
Post mortem examination performed by: Steward, George William and Sturges, Octavius
Medical notes: 'This man, who was a plumber by trade, very sober in his habits, had been ill on his admission for two weeks, the main symptoms being headache and obstinate constipation. During this time he had grown very silent and had occasionally rambled in his talk’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Head, chest, abdomen, larynx

Type of incident: n/a