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Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • GB 406 PM
  • Collection
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

William James, 47, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 47
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Dec 1840
Date of death: 31 Dec 1840
Disease (transcribed): Valvular disease of the heart
Disease (standardised): Disease (Heart)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

St George's Hospital Medical School, London

John Cooper, 37, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 37
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 11 Nov 1840
Date of death: 7 Jan 1841
Disease (transcribed): Abscess of lung. Pericarditis
Disease (standardised): Abscess (Lungs); Pericarditis (Heart)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, spinal canal, thorax

Type of incident: n/a

John Franklin, 47, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 47
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 14 Apr 1841
Date of death: 30 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Aneurysm of the ascending aorta with effusion of bloody fluid in the pericardium
Disease (standardised): Aneurysm (Blood vessels); Effusion (Pericardium)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Phillips, 28, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 28
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 21 Apr 1841
Date of death: 30 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Mottled appearance of the kidneys. Anaemia
Disease (standardised): Disease (Kidneys); Anaemia
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

George Whitchurch, 52, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 52
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 19 May 1841
Date of death: 31 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Hypertrophy of the left ventricle. Effusion of blood in pleura and pericardium. Liver granular. Ascites
Disease (standardised): Disease (Heart); Effusion (Pleura, pericardium); Disease (Liver); Ascites (Peritoneum)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Mary Hoyte, 40, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 40
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 28 May 1841
Date of death: 30 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Gum cancer of the stomach and lungs
Disease (standardised): Cancer (Stomach, lungs)
Admitted under the care of: Hope, James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, thorax

Type of incident: n/a

William Hoade, 41, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 41
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 2 Jun 1841
Date of death: 3 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Delirium tremens
Disease (standardised): Alcohol withdrawal delirium (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Hope, James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Richard Griffiths, 27, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 27
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 31 May 1841
Date of death: 4 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Compound fracture of the leg. Wound of anterior tibial artery. Mortification and diffuse cellular inflammation
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Leg); Wound (Blood vessels); Inflammation (Cells)
Admitted under the care of: Walker, Robert Benjamin
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Leg

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

Richard Price Hooker, 37, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 37
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 5 Apr 1841
Date of death: 28 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Tetanus (idiopathic)
Disease (standardised): Tetanus (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Walker, Robert Benjamin
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: 'Had not met with any accident. Illness came on three days before his admission. Has led a very irregular life; has been of late exposed to cold and damp and at night has been sleeping in the fields’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, spinal canal, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

[No name] [No name], 20, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 20
Gender:
Date of admission: Jun 1841
Date of death: Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the skull; haemorrhage and injury of the brain
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Injury (Brain); Haemorrhage (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

Robert Simms, 12, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 12
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 17 May 1841
Date of death: 7 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the skull. Inflammation of the membranes of the brain. Secondary deposits
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Inflammation (Brain); Deposit (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, thigh and hip-joint

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

Joshua Barratt , 24, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 24
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 31 Mar 1841
Date of death: 10 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Tubercles and emphysema of the lung. Tubercles in the kidneys
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Emphysema (Lungs); Tuberculosis (Kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, cranium

Type of incident: n/a

John Lock, 70, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 70
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 16 Dec 1840
Date of death: 5 Jan 1841
Disease (transcribed): [Disease] of the liver and kidneys
Disease (standardised): Disease (Liver); Disease (Kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Hope, James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Harriet Hebbard, 40, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 40
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 8 Apr 1841
Date of death: 14 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Hypertrophy of the left ventricle. Cicatrices in the lung. Granular degeneration of the kidney
Disease (standardised): Disease (Heart); Cicatrix (Lungs); Disease (Kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William White, 62, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 62
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 2 Jun 1841
Date of death: 14 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Stricture disease of the bladder and kidneys. Effusion upon the brain
Disease (standardised): Disease (Bladder, Kidneys); Effusion (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Walker, Robert Benjamin
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, cranium, thorax

Type of incident: n/a

William Wills, 5, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 5
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 15 Jun 1841
Date of death: 15 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Croup. Bronchitis
Disease (standardised): Croup (Larynx); Bronchitis (Lungs)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Larynx, lungs

Type of incident: n/a

Esther Clarke, 45, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 45
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 19 May 1841
Date of death: 16 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Mottled and granular degeneration of the kidneys. Left lung gorged with blood at its posterior part
Disease (standardised): Disease (Kidneys); Effusion (Lungs)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: 'This patient previous to her death had well marked symptoms of apoplexy, stertorous breathing etc’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Agnes Leath, 37, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 37
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 2 Jun 1841
Date of death: 22 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Pleuritis
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Pleurisy (Pleura)
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William Harris, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 12 May 1841
Date of death: 23 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Ulcerations of the small intestine
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Schofield, 8, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 8
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 31 Mar 1841
Date of death: 23 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Peculiar deposit in the brain; small tubercles in the pia mater. Scrofulous disease of the elbow & knee
Disease (standardised): Deposit (Brain); Tuberculosis (Brain); Tuberculosis (Arm, leg)
Admitted under the care of: Babington, George Gisborne
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, elbow, knee

Type of incident: n/a

Mary Leary, 52, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 52
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 9 Jun 1841
Date of death: 27 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Malignant disease of the ovary. Ascites. Peritonitis after tapping
Disease (standardised): Malignant disease (Ovary); Ascites (Peritoneum); Peritonitis (Abdomen); Bleeding
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Hughes, 29, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 29
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 28 Dec 1840
Date of death: 27 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Bronchitis. Dilated air-cells
Disease (standardised): Bronchitis (Lungs); Sinusitis (Head)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

John Savory, 53, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 53
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 12 May 1841
Date of death: 28 Jun 1841
Disease (transcribed): Aneurysm of the thoracic aorta. Pressure upon the left recurrent nerve and left bronchus
Disease (standardised): Aneurysm (Aorta)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: 'This patient, some time previous to his death, made a very strange noise when breathing; I cannot characterise the sound but it was loudest during expiration. There was no pulse at the left wrist’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax

Type of incident: n/a

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