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Hewett, Prescott Gardner
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Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • GB 406 PM
  • Collection
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

William Walker, 17, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 17
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 Apr 1842
Date of death: 6 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Tubercular Phthisis. Mottled Kidneys.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Mottled (Kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

John Evans, 44, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 44
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 27 Apr 1842
Date of death: 17 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Softening of Heart. Ulceration of Larynx. Tubercles in Kidney.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Disease (Heart); Ulcer (Larynx); Tuberculosis (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, larynx and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Peter Haynes, 53, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 53
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 16 Nov 1842
Date of death: 30 Dec 1842
Disease (transcribed): Tubercular deposit in lungs, kidneys, ureter and Bladder and back part of urethra.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Tuberculosis (Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra)
Admitted under the care of: Tatum, Thomas
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Moore, 37, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 37
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 15 Jun 1842
Date of death: 17 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Effusion into the left pleura. Infiltration of Tubercular matter. Vomicae. Softening of Heart.
Disease (standardised): Effusion (Pleura); Tuberculosis (Pleura); Disease (Heart)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Daniel Sutherland, 41, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 41
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 25 May 1842
Date of death: 20 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Thickening of Mitral Valve with vegetations.
Disease (standardised): Disease (Heart)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

[No name] Macnamara, 25, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 25
Gender: [No gender stated]
Date of admission: 27 Apr 1842
Date of death: 24 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Effusion in left pleura. Phthisis. Granular liver. Tubercules in Kidneys.
Disease (standardised): Effusion (Pleura); Tuberculosis (Lung); Granular (Liver); Tuberculosis (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

William Burden , 55, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 55
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 18 May 1842
Date of death: 24 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Ulceration of Larynx.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Ulcer (Larynx)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Charles Gibson, 20, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 20
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 15 Jun 1842
Date of death: 24 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Burn. Inflammation of mucous membrane of mouth, fauces, pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, larynx and wind pipe.
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin); Inflammation (Face, Pharynx, Oesophagus, Stomach, Duodenum, Larynx, Trachea)
Admitted under the care of: Babington, George Gisborne
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Henry Maxwell, 30, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 30
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 22 Jun 1842
Date of death: 26 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Effusion into Theca Vertebralis. Softening of Brain. Tubercular Phthisis.
Disease (standardised): Effusion (Spine); Softening (Brain); Tuberculosis (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Spinal cord, cranium and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

Joseph Gibson, 65, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 65
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 15 Jun 1842
Date of death: 1 Jul 1842
Disease (transcribed): Jaundice. Pulmonary apoplexy and congestion. Dilatation of Heart without Hypertrophy. Tubercular matter in Kidneys.
Disease (standardised): Jaundice (Skin); Haemorrhage (Lung); Dilatation (Heart); Tuberculosis (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Hannah Craig, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 24 Nov 1841
Date of death: 1 Jul 1842
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Emphysema of lung. Effusion into pleura. Ulceration of Intestines.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Emphysema (Lung); Effusion (Pleura); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Sarah Heald, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 27 Jun 1842
Date of death: 3 Jul 1842
Disease (transcribed): Pericarditis. Endocarditis. Ulceration of caecum and ascending colon.
Disease (standardised): Pericarditis (Heart); Endocarditis (Heart); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Horn , 38, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 38
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 20 Apr 1842
Date of death: 8 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Emphysema of lung. Effusion into the left pleura. Pericardium adherent. Mottled Kidneys
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Emphysema (Lung); Effusion (Pleura); Adherent (Pericardium); Mottled (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

John King, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 6 Jul 1842
Date of death: 8 Jul 1842
Disease (transcribed): Atheromatous deposit in arteries at base of Brain. Emphysema and lobular inflammation of lung. Hypertrophy of Heart. Thickening of Aortic and Mitral Valves. Granular Kidneys.
Disease (standardised): , Atherosclerotic (Arteries); Emphysema (Lung); Inflammation (Lung); Disease (Heart); Granular (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Emily Cordery, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 15 Jul 1842
Date of death: 20 Jul 1842
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of Skull with extensive laceration and protrusion of brain.
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Laceration (Skull); Protrusion (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Babington, George Gisborne
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium
Type of incident: n/a

Samuel Hullam, 60, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 60
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 Jul 1842
Date of death: 26 Jul 1842
Disease (transcribed): Pericarditis. Dilatation with slight hypertrophy of Left Ventricle. Liver granular. Kidneys granular.
Disease (standardised): Pericarditis (Heart); Disease (Heart); Disease (Liver); Granular (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Laetitia Woodgate, 42, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 42
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 20 May 1842
Date of death: 31 Jul 1842
Disease (transcribed): Carcinomatous ulceration of Uterus,Vagina, Rectum and Bladder.
Disease (standardised): Carcinoma (Uterus, Vagina, Rectum, Bladder)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

Isaac Dicks, 30, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 30
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 18 May 1842
Date of death: 2 Aug 1842
Disease (transcribed): Secondary abscesses after amputation of arm for disease of elbow joint.
Disease (standardised): Abscess (Arm); Amputation (Arm)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Sternum, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Bristow, 28, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 28
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 22 Jun 1842
Date of death: 5 Aug 1842
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Haemoptysis. Emphysema. Ulceration of small intestine.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Haemoptysis (Lung); Emphysema (Lung); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Anne Wretch, 62, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 62
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 27 Apr 1842
Date of death: 6 Jul 1842
Disease (transcribed): Ascites. Anasarca. Hypertrophy of left Ventricle. Peritonitis. Large gallstone in duct
Disease (standardised): Ascites (Abdomen); Oedema (Indeterminate); Hypertrophy (Heart); Peritonitis (Abdomen); Gallstones (Gallbladder)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

Martha Welsh, 26, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 26
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 1 Aug 1842
Date of death: 7 Aug 1842
Disease (transcribed): Fever. Extensive ulceration of small intestine.
Disease (standardised): Fever (Systemic); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

James Jennaway, 13, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 13
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 28 Jul 1842
Date of death: 11 Aug 1842
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the Skull.
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Anne Green, 37, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 37
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 19 Jan 1842
Date of death: 8 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Pleuritis. Phthisis. Pneumonia. Carcinoma of Uterus, Vagina, Bladder and neighbouring parts
Disease (standardised): Pleuritis (Pleura); Tuberculosis (Lung) Pneumonia (Lung); Carcinoma (Uterus, Vagina, Bladder)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Jane Griffiths, 25, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 25
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 13 Jul 1842
Date of death: 19 Aug 1842
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Heart very soft. Meningeal apoplexy.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Disease (Heart); Stroke (Meninges)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and cranium
Type of incident: n/a

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