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Hewett, Prescott Gardner Digestive system
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Martha Wilson, 46, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 46
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 19 Feb 1845
Date of death: 7 Jul 1845
Disease (transcribed): Scirrhous disease of the rectum, spreading to the glands of the pelvis and neighbouring cellular tissue
Disease (standardised): Scirrhus (Rectum)

Admitted under the care of: Johnson, Henry Charles
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Lee, Henry
Medical notes: 'Twelve months before her admission into the hospital this patient complained of difficulty in passing her motions. She suffered at the same time from occasional accumulations of faecal matter in the colon, and consequent attacks of diarrhoea’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen (‘the other viscera […] were not examined on account of the advanced decomposition’

Type of incident: n/a

James Chelling, 29, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 29
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 18 Jun 1845
Date of death: 8 Jul 1845
Disease (transcribed): Acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Phthisis and old adhesions. Heart dilated and flaccid. Recent peritonitis. Mottling degeneration of the kidneys. Tubercular ulceration of the small intestines
Disease (standardised): Inflammation (Pharynx); Tuberculosis (Lungs); Disease (Heart); Peritonitis (Abdomen); Disease (Kidneys); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient stated that he had suffered more or less from cough during the last 12 months, and had frequently had slight haemoptysis. That during the last two months he had suffered from fistula in ano, and about the same time from pain across the loins and general anasarca’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pharynx, larynx, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Lawrence Cole, 42, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 42
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 2 Jul 1845
Date of death: 3 Jul 1845
Disease (transcribed): Chronic ulcer of the stomach, in the lesser curvature, 3 inches from the oesophagus. Fatal haemorrhage. Cirrhosis of the liver
Disease (standardised): Ulcer (Stomach); Hemorrhage; Liver cirrhosis (Liver)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted with swelling of the abdomen, reported to be of only a fortnight’s duration. He stated that a fortnight ago, being in tolerably good health, he flet a great weight in the epigastrium which began to swell’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, thorax

Type of incident: n/a

James Tyler, 26, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 26
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 2 Oct 1844
Date of death: 28 Jun 1845
Disease (transcribed): Old adhesions on both sides of the chest. On the left side circumscribed. Recent inflammation. Phthisis. Tubercles in the mesentery. Hypertrophy of the liver
Disease (standardised): Adhesion (Chest); Inflammation (Chest); Tuberculosis (Lungs); Tuberculosis (Abdomen); Disease (Liver)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted complaining of cough & pain in the chest. He stated that he had suffered more or less from cough during the last eight months, but that during the last week, the cough had become much more severe & accompanied by a sharp, cutting pain on the left side of the chest’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

George Giles, 43, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 43
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 30 Jun 1845
Date of death: 1 Jul 1845
Disease (transcribed): Lacerated wound passing from rectum through both posterior & anterior walls of bladder into the cavity of peritoneum
Disease (standardised): Wound (Rectum, bladder, abdomen)

Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Pollock, George
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted suffering from much depression. He had fallen from a platform over a chair & stated that one of the legs of the chair had passed up the rectum. There appeared a very slight laceration at the orifice of the anus’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, thorax

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

James Maxwell, 21, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 21
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 25 Jun 1845
Date of death: 30 Jun 1845
Disease (transcribed): Old adhesions. Phthisis. Extensive tubercular ulceration of the intestines. Mottling degeneration of the kidneys
Disease (standardised): Adhesion; Tuberculosis (Lungs); Ulcer (Intestines); Disease (Kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted in a state of great exhaustion, consequent on protracted cough, diarrhoea and constant vomiting. He stated that during the last nine months he had suffered from cough, which at intervals had become worse & accompanied by severe pain in the chest’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

George Murram, 20, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 20
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 4 Jun 1845
Date of death: 20 Jun 1845
Disease (transcribed): Tubercles & vomicae in both lungs, with pneumo-thorax (left side). Ulceration of intestine, especially of appendix coeci
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Pneumothorax (Lungs); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted complaining of dyspnoea, ocugh & pain in the chest. He stated that he had suffered from cough during the last six months, but that the great pain in the chest & dyspnoea had only existed about three weeks’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

James Rownsley, 40, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 40
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 15 May 1845
Date of death: 7 Jun 1845
Disease (transcribed): Effusion in sub-arachnoid tissue. Recent pleurisy & old adhesions. White patch on heart. Blood fluid. Capsule of liver much thickened. Deposits in cortical structure of kidneys, apparently scrofulous. Pelvis etc inflamed. Pus in urine
Disease (standardised): Effusion (Brain); Pleurisy (Lungs); Disease (Heart, liver, kidneys); Inflammation (Pelvis); Suppuration (Bladder); Syphilis (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted complaining of almost total paralysis of the lower and partial loss of power over the upper extremities, but without loss of sensation, of great pain in the head, attended by much giddiness, of a ringing noise in the head giving rise to some deafness, of pain in the abdomen, & of pains in all his limbs, but more particularly the shin bones […] It was elicited that during the last six months he had lived a very irregular life, and had suffered greatly from syphilis’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Jane Holden, 47, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 47
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 30 Apr 1845
Date of death: 2 Jun 1845
Disease (transcribed): Aneurysm of the aorta with an ulcerated opening into the oesophagus, but blocked up by fibrinous coagule. Aorta atheromatous
Disease (standardised): Aneurysm (Aorta); Ulcer (Oesophagus); Plaque, atherosclerotic (Aorta)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted complaining of inability to swallow, of nine months’ duration, which first began with slight uneasiness, & an occasional sense of choking on attempting to eat quickly. She stated that these symptoms had gradually increased in severity, and during the last month had been accompanied by a constant hacking cough’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Stephen Nash, 43, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 43
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 30 Apr 1845
Date of death: 3 Jun 1845
Disease (transcribed): Effusion in the sub-arachnoid tissue. Phthisis with old adhesions. Tubercular ulceration of intestinal canal
Disease (standardised): Effusion (Brain); Tuberculosis (Lungs); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient, an habitual drunkard, stated that he had not enjoyed good health for the last 18 months. That during that time he has had no appetite, and has been gradually getting thinner, but without any very obvious cause’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Anne Dudley, 53, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 53
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 26 May 1845
Date of death: 28 May 1845
Disease (transcribed): Umbilical & femoral hernia. Mortification of small intestine contained in the femoral sac. Extensive hepatisation of lower lobe, left lung. One small vomica in the apex of the right lung
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen, thigh); Mortification (Intestines); Hepatisation (Lungs); Abscess (Lungs)

Admitted under the care of: Tatum, Thomas
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Lee, Henry
Medical notes: 'Anne Dudley, married, the mother of ten children, admitted at 9pm on 26th of May. She stated that she had had an umbilical hernia for thirty years, which first appeared during a difficult parturition. She had always worn a truss which however was not very effectual lately owing to its being out of repair’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, thorax

Type of incident: n/a

James Lucas, 40, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 40
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 May 1845
Date of death: 23 May 1845
Disease (transcribed): Extensive rupture of the liver with effusion of blood & bile into the peritoneum. Fracture of 4th, 5th, & 6th ribs
Disease (standardised): Rupture (Liver); Effusion (Abdomen); Fracture (Ribs)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Lee, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient shortly before his admission was knocked down by some horses and the wheel of a carriage passed over his abdomen. Some of the ribs were felt to be fractured upon the side side, and he was in a state of extreme collapse’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, thorax

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

Mary Dunn, 44, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 44
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 12 Feb 1845
Date of death: 22 Apr 1845
Disease (transcribed): Old adhesions. Phthisis. Upper lobe, left lung, converted into one large vomica. Pneumonia. Tubercular ulceration of intestines
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Vomica (Lungs); Pneumonia (Lungs); Tuberculosis (Intestines); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient complained of great debility, which had been gradually coming on during the last six months. The catamenia [menstruation] had been absent during this period, and she attributed her ill health to this circumstance. She was much emaciated, and her countenance was extremely anxious, he complexion pallid.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William Rouse, 34, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 34
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 9 Apr 1845
Date of death: 12 Apr 1845
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis with old & recent pleurisy. Lungs congested. Heart dilated. Tubercular ulceration of small intestine
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Pleurisy (Lungs); Congestion (Lungs); Disease (Heart); Tuberculosis (Intestines); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted in a partial state of collapse, stating that he had suffered from cough for months, and had frequent haemoptysis. He was too weak to undergo a stethoscopic examination’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Mary Lane, 20, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 20
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 26 Mar 1845
Date of death: 9 Apr 1845
Disease (transcribed): Slight congestion of brain. Miliary tubercles in lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys & small intestines. Scrofulous deposit in the sub-peritoneal cellular tissue of the broad ligament. Old and extensive adhesions in the peritoneum
Disease (standardised): Congestion (Brain); Tuberculosis (Lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys, intestines); Deposit (Pelvis); Adhesions (Abdomen)

Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'On applying for admission, this girl appeared to be half stupid & obstinate, refused for some time to answer questions, and looked about her with a vacant gaze. Her friends stated that she had been subject to fits for many years, and three weeks ago, had one accompanied by screaming and convulsions, and since that time had been in her present mood. That these fits used frequently to occur three or four times a week. That the reason which induced them to bring her to the hospital, was the annoyance she experienced from an incessant cough’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

John George Pratt, 25, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 25
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 4 Apr 1845
Date of death: 4 Apr 1845
Disease (transcribed): Extensive laceration of the right lung with a large extravasation of blood into the cavity of the pleura. Separation of several cartilages of the ribs, right side, from the sternum. Rupture of the liver. Fracture of arm & leg
Disease (standardised): Laceration (Lungs); Extravasation (Lungs); Separation (Chest); Rupture (Liver); Fracture (Arm, leg)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Lee, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient was perfectly sensible when admitted, but presented ex-sanguine features and scarcely any pulse. He died after having been in the hospital an hour, having never rallied in any degree from his state of collapse’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, left superior extremity, left inferior extremity

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

Frederick Unitt, 24, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 24
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 5 Mar 1845
Date of death: 5 Apr 1845
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis with red & grey hepatisation. Old adhesions. Ascites. Cirrhosis of the liver. Spleen very large & soft
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Hepatisation (Lungs); Ascites (Peritoneum); Liver cirrhosis (Liver); Disease (Spleen)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This man who had long been accustomed to drink freely, was in the hospital about a year ago suffering from delirium tremens. He stated on admission this time that about two months ago his abdomen began to swell, and had continued gradually to increase in size ever since’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

James Wooley, 34, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 34
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 8 Jan 1845
Date of death: 30 Mar 1845
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis, with tubercular ulceration and perforation of the small intestine with effusion into the peritoneum
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Ulcer (Intestines); Effusion (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Seymour, Edward James
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted complaining of pain in the abdomen accompanied by diarrhoea, which had continued more or less during the whole of the last year. In answer to our questions, he stated that his wife and 7 children had all died of consumption, and that he himself had been annoyed by constant cough & profuse expectoration during a period of 2 months’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Sarah Stotter, 32, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 32
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 29 Mar 1845
Date of death: 30 Mar 1845
Disease (transcribed): Portion of small intestine strangulated by adhesions in the peritoneum. Old & recent peritonitis. Other organs healthy
Disease (standardised): Disease (Intestines, abdomen); Peritonitis (Abdomen)

Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient complained of intense pain in the lower part of the abdomen which came on quite suddenly after dinner, two days previous to admission, accompanied by most distressing vomiting. She stated that she was habitually subject to costiveness, and that about five years since had suffered from an attack which appeared to her to resemble this in every respect, and which was eventually relieved by purging. At that time there was a distinct lump to be felt at the spot where the pain began’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, thorax

Type of incident: n/a

John Archdeacon, 29, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 29
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 29 Jan 1845
Date of death: 25 Mar 1845
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Pneumonia. Old & recent pleurisy. Tubercles in kidneys. Tubercular ulceration of small intestine
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Pneumonia (Lungs); Pleurisy (Lungs); Tuberculosis (Kidneys, intestines); Ulcer (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient complained of cough of about four months’ duration, which had been ushered in by rather profuse haemoptysis, and had lately been accompanied by pain and tightness of the chest, with shortness of breath, inability to sleep at night, and profuse nocturnal perspirations’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William Hazell, 15, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 15
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 29 Jan 1845
Date of death: 23 Mar 1845
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis with hepatisation of the lung. Old pleurisy & peritonitis. Ulceration of intestines. Mesenteric glands filled with tubercular matter & very much enlarged
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Hepatisation (Lungs); Pleurisy (Lungs); Peritonitis (Abdomen); Ulcer (Intestines); Tuberculosis
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This lad stated that for the last two months he had been gradually losing flesh, and during the few last days, had suffered greatly from pain in the abdomen. In answer to questions he stated that his bowels had long been very irregular’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Sarah Legg, 50, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 50
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 4 Mar 1845
Date of death: 16 Mar 1845
Disease (transcribed): Diffuse cellular inflammation of pharynx and larynx with ulcers on the mucous membrane of the latter, and effusion of lymph upon its surface, extending down the trachea. Inflammation of lungs and pleurae. Spleen soft & of a greyish red colour. Fibrous tumour in uterus etc.
Disease (standardised): Inflammation (Pharynx, larynx, Lungs); Ulcer (Larynx); Disease (Spleen); Tumour (Uterus)

Admitted under the care of: Johnson, Henry Charles
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted for the disease of the tibia and ulceration of the leg. After she had been in the house a few days she experienced some degree of fever’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Neck, thorax, abdomen, right inferior extremity

Type of incident: n/a

Mary Gage, 53, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 53
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 19 Feb 1845
Date of death: 12 Mar 1845
Disease (transcribed): Scirrhus of the pylorus producing great contraction of that opening and consequent enormous distension of the stomach. Other viscera healthy
Disease (standardised): Scirrhus (Stomach)

Admitted under the care of: Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient stated that she had been ailing for many months, but that during the last nine weeks, she had been troubled with constant nausea & vomiting which became almost incessant at night; that she had rapidly lost flesh, and had no appetite’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, thorax

Type of incident: n/a

John Gilbert, 58, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 58
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 18 Dec 1844
Date of death: 7 Mar 1845
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Old adhesions of the pleurae. Lymph in pericardium. Atheroma in aorta & mitral valve. Tubercular spots in various parts of the intestines with ulceration of the mucous membrane. Mesenteric glands enlarged
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Disease (Lungs); Disease (Heart); Plaque, atherosclerotic (Aorta); Tuberculosis (Intestines); Disease
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This man stated that he had suffered from slight cough for many months, and that nine weeks before admission it became much worse, accompanied by rigors, pain in the chest, and profuse worthy expectoration’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William Manning, 40, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 40
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 12 Feb 1845
Date of death: 6 Mar 1845
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Old adhesions. Red hepatisation. Emphysema. Hydatid in liver containing a vermilion-coloured substance
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Adhesion (Lungs); Hepatisation (Lungs); Emphysema (Lungs); Cyst (Liver)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient stated that about a month ago, he was taken with rigors & severe pain in the chest, accompanied by cough, which had continued more or less up to the present time’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

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