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Cutler, Edward Anatomy
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Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • 406 PM
  • Collectie
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

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The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

William Howard, 54, Mason’s labourer

Occupation or role: Mason’s labourer
Age: 54
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 25 May 1857
Date of death: 25 May 1857
Disease (transcribed): Ruptured liver. Fracture of the base of the skull, of the jaw (with dislocation) of the ribs on both sides and of the femur
Disease (standardised): Rupture (Liver); Fracture (Skull); Fracture (Jaw); Dislocation (Jaw); Fracture (Ribs); Fracture (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: With some other men he was assisting to roll along stone, and he had seemed the first roller for the purpose of putting it behind, when by some means the stone slipped over and fell upon him.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Right thigh, cranium, thorax, abdomen and pelvis
Type of incident: n/a

William Hamlin, 50, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 26 Feb 1857
Date of death: 5 Mar 1857
Disease (transcribed): Fractured leg. Diseased kidneys
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Leg); Disease (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: His right foot had been caught between two barges as he was attempting to get from one to the other and slipping he fell, his foot remaining fixed and consequently much twisted.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Mary Spanswick, 64, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 64
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 9 Sep 1857
Date of death: 1 Oct 1857
Disease (transcribed): Ulcer of the leg. Diseased heart and kidneys
Disease (standardised): Ulcer (Leg); Disease (Heart); Disease (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Tomlimson, Edward Denham
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: This woman was admitted with a sloughing ulcer of the left leg following a blow.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and pelvis
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

George Rickman, 55, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 55
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 14 Sep 1857
Date of death: 20 Sep 1857
Disease (transcribed): Compression of the brain
Disease (standardised): Compression (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Tomlimson, Edward Denham
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: As the body was not examined no report of the case is given.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: The body was removed unexamined
Type of incident: n/a

Emily Waters, 4, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 4
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 4 Dec 1857
Date of death: 10 Dec 1857
Disease (transcribed): Compound fracture of the leg. Gangrene
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Leg); Gangrene (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, lower extremity and cranium
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

William Simmonds, 50, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 4 Dec 1857
Date of death: 9 Dec 1857
Disease (transcribed): Scalp wound. Diffuse inflammation of the scalp. Fractured ribs. Pneumonia. Dislocation of the knee
Disease (standardised): Wound (Scalp); Inflammation (Scalp); Fracture (Ribs); Pneumonia (Lung); Dislocation (Knee)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen and right knee
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

John Russell, 30, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 30
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 3 Dec 1857
Date of death: 9 Dec 1857
Disease (transcribed): Compound fracture of the vertex of the skull. Laceration of the brain. Hernia cerebri
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Laceration (Brain); Hernia (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Jane East, 28, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 28
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 9 Sep 1857
Date of death: 12 Oct 1857
Disease (transcribed): Caries of the spine. Cord diffulent. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder and kidneys
Disease (standardised): Caries (Spine); Diffluent (Spinal cord); Inflammation (Bladder); Inflammation (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, spine, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Mary Eden, 39, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 39
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 15 Jul 1857
Date of death: 5 Oct 1857
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Diseased ankle. Valvular disease of the heart
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Disease (Leg); Disease (Heart)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen and left foot
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Thompson, 38, Labourer

Occupation or role: Labourer
Age: 38
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 Jul 1857
Date of death: 29 Jul 1857
Disease (transcribed): Amputation of both forearms from accident. Diffuse inflammation. Diseased liver and kidneys. Wet brain
Disease (standardised): Amputation (Arm); Inflammation (Arm); Disease (Liver); Disease (Kidney); Wet (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: He was engaged in fading a chaff cutting machine and by some means his right hand was caught in the cutter as he was fading it and was amputated, and the left probably from an attempt made to extricate the right became likewise caught in, and amputated by the machine.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Right arm, left forearm, cranium, thorax, abdomen and pelvis
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

James Tuggey, 18, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 18
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 7 Jun 1857
Date of death: 4 Jul 1857
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Strumous disease of the hip. Arachinitis
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Tuberculosis (Hip); Arachnoiditis (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Hastings, Cecil William
Medical notes: This youth was admitted under the physicians and transferred for disease of the hip joint.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, cranium and hip joint
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Goddard, 57, Ostler

Occupation or role: Ostler
Age: 57
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 May 1857
Date of death: 4 Jun 1857
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Cystitis. Diseased kidneys
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Cystitis (Bladder); Disease (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: This man was admitted in an exceedingly weak and emaciated state. He had great difficulty in passing his urine.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and pelvis
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Horn, 77, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 77
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1857
Date of death: 28 May 1857
Disease (transcribed): Stone in the bladder. Enlarged prostate. Inflamed bladder. Diseased kidneys
Disease (standardised): Calculi (Bladder); Enlarged (Prostate); Inflammation (Bladder); Disease (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: This man was admitted into the hospital with symptoms of stone in the bladder.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and pelvis
Type of incident: n/a

John Allen, 4, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 4
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 May 1857
Date of death: 24 May 1857
Disease (transcribed): Burn. Convulsions
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin); Seizures (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: This child’s clothes caught fire, and it was burn about the arm, face and chest.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

William Oliver, 71, Horse breaker

Occupation or role: Horse breaker
Age: 71
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1857
Date of death: 25 Apr 1857
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the skull. Wound of the meningeal artery. Blood in the ocular conjunctiva from fracture into the sphenoidal fissure. Blood in the lateral ventricle
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Wound (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: This man was riding a restive horse in Hyde Park and was thrown, falling on his head.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen and right clavicle
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Sarah Edgson, 3, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 3
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 25 Mar 1857
Date of death: 1 Apr 1857
Disease (transcribed): Burn
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: This case is not reported as there was no post mortem examination
Body parts examined in the post mortem: This body was not examined
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Charles Collins, 60, Coachman

Occupation or role: Coachman
Age: 60
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 Mar 1857
Date of death: 28 Mar 1857
Disease (transcribed): Amputation of finger. Diffuse inflammation of forearm and arm
Disease (standardised): Amputation (Finger); Inflammation (Arm)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This man stated that two months before his admission he cut his hand in cleaning some harness and fancied it became poisoned by some varnish he used.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Elizabeth Seymour, 36, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 36
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 2 Jan 1857
Date of death: 16 Mar 1857
Disease (transcribed): Fibrous tumour of the uterus. Peritonitis
Disease (standardised): Tumour (Uterus); Peritonitis (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This woman had four miscarriages when about three months pregnant, the last being three years ago. Soon after which time she experienced pain in the loins of a dull aching character with bearing down and darting pains through the uterus.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and pelvis
Type of incident: n/a

James Southey, 55, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 55
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 3 Feb 1857
Date of death: 4 Feb 1857
Disease (transcribed): Gangrene of legs
Disease (standardised): Gangrene (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: As the body was not examined, the case is not reported.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: This body was not examined
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Hennings, 20, Wood cutter

Occupation or role: Wood cutter
Age: 20
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 4 Dec 1856
Date of death: 14 Jan 1857
Disease (transcribed): Wound of the knee joint
Disease (standardised): Wound (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: About a week before his admission he was cutting wood when the axe slipped and struck his left knee inflicting a deep wound into the joint.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and left knee joint
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Mary Ann Godfrey, 4, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 4
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 5 Jan 1857
Date of death: 6 Jan 1857
Disease (transcribed): Burn
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: As the body was not examined the case is not reported.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: This body was not examined
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Sarah Hooker, 27, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 27
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 3 Dec 1856
Date of death: 2 Jan 1857
Disease (transcribed): Strangulated femoral hernia. Operation
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen); Operation (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Ogle, John William
Medical notes: This woman was admitted with symptoms of strangulated hernia which had existed for four years.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

Mary Ann Mallard, 42, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 42
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 2 Jan 1857
Date of death: 5 Jan 1857
Disease (transcribed): Strangulated femoral hernia
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This woman was brought to the hospital with symptoms of strangulated femoral hernia.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Phillip Unwin, 33, Labourer

Occupation or role: Labourer
Age: 33
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 18 Jun 1861
Date of death: 18 Jun 1861
Disease (transcribed): Fractured Ribs. Emphysema
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Ribs); Emphysema (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Venning, Edgcombe
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: This case is not given
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Not examined
Type of incident: n/a

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