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Gee, Adolphus John Anatomy
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Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • 406 PM
  • Collection
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

William Tanner, 29, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 29
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 6 Apr 1846
Date of death: 23 Apr 1846
Disease (transcribed): Compound fracture of the leg. Amputation of thigh. Pleurisy on both sides, with secondary deposits in both lungs. Other organs healthy. Inflammation of extremity of femoral vein.
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Leg); Amputation (Leg); Pleurisy (Pleura, Lung); Inflammation (Veins)
Admitted under the care of: Johnson, Henry Charles
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: The accident in consequence of which this man was admitted, was caused by a heavy fall from a horse which bolted with with him and crashed violently against a cart.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and stump
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Robert Wright, 50, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 4 Mar 1846
Date of death: 24 Apr 1846
Disease (transcribed): Scrofulous disease of the kidney, bladder and urethra. Phthisis and old adhesions. Other organs healthy.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Kidney); Tuberculosis (Bladder); Tuberculosis (Urethra)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient stated that he had been ailing for several years, and had been suffering from a considerable number of blood in the urine.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

Charlotte Smith, 27, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 27
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 4 Mar 1846
Date of death: 1 May 1846
Disease (transcribed): Nodes on the forehead. Inflammation of larynx and trachea, with inflammation of sub mucous tissue. Lungs emphysematous and oedematous posteriorly. Abortion at six months.
Disease (standardised): Nodes (Head); Inflammation (Larynx); Inflammation (Trachea); Emphysema (Lung); Oedema (Lung); Abortion (Uterus)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: When admitted, there were three soft nodes at the upper part of the forehead of this patient. When admitted she was four months gone with child.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, neck, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Sarah Collins, 29, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 29
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 8 Apr 1846
Date of death: 2 May 1846
Disease (transcribed): Phlebitis after accouchement. Abscess in knee joint and in back. Large slough over sacrum. Kidneys mottled.
Disease (standardised): Phlebitis (Veins); Abscess (Leg); Sloughing (Spine); Disease (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: The patient was confined about a month before admission, the labour having been a very severe one, attended with violent delirium and followed by phlebitis.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and right inferior extremity
Type of incident: n/a

William Wynne, 62, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 62
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 13 Apr 1846
Date of death: 9 May 1846
Disease (transcribed): Wound in hand. Secondary abscesses in joints and in brachialis anticus. Congestive pneumonia. Heart dilated and atrophied. Disease of left kidney? Blood fluid.
Disease (standardised): Wound (Hand); Abscess (Joints); Pneumonia (Lung); Disease (Heart); Disease (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Pollock, George
Medical notes: This patient was admitted suffering from the effects of fracture of the first phalanx of the thumb in December 1842.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and extremities
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Thomas Miller, 44, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 44
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 22 Apr 1846
Date of death: 12 May 1846
Disease (transcribed): Fistula in ano. Tubercles and vomicae in lungs. Old adhesions of pleurae with circumscribed collections of matter
Disease (standardised): Fistula (Intestines); Tuberculosis (Lung); Adhesions (Pleura)
Admitted under the care of: Tatum, Thomas
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Spitta, Robert JohnJ
Medical notes: This patient was admitted in a state of great emaciation and debility with hectic symptoms induced by very old rectal disease.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Sarah Albridge, 8, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 8
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 13 May 1846
Date of death: 13 May 1846
Disease (transcribed): Extensive burn, fatal in a few hours.
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: Case was not entered at the body was not examined after death.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: The body was not examined
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Baggett, 20, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 20
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 14 Jan 1846
Date of death: 22 May 1846
Disease (transcribed): Lumbar abscesses and caries of spine. Caries of the left iliac bone. Dislocation of hip and extensive destruction both of the head of the femur and of the cotyloid cavity. Viscera healthy
Disease (standardised): Abscess (Spine); Caries (Spine); Caries (Pelvis); Dislocation (Hip); Destruction (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient stated that for the last nine months he had been subject to the formation of abscesses in various parts of the body.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, spine, pelvis and left hip joint
Type of incident: n/a

Joseph Taylor , 35, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 35
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 8 Apr 1846
Date of death: 29 May 1846
Disease (transcribed): Stone in bladder. Lithotripsy. Pleurisy and pneumonia?
Disease (standardised): Calculi (Bladder); Lithotripsy (Bladder); Pleurisy (Pleura); Pneumonia (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Tatum, Thomas. Bence Jones, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: The case was not entered as there was not a post mortem examination of the body.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: The friends would not allow the body to be examined
Type of incident: n/a

Edward Aslett, 15, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 15
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 5 May 1846
Date of death: 31 May 1846
Disease (transcribed): Scalp wound. Fracture of the skull, depression of the orbital plate of the frontal. Abscess in the anterior lobe of the brain with extensive suppuration in the lateral ventricles and at the base of the brain. Other viscera healthy.
Disease (standardised): Wound (Head); Fracture (Skull); Abscess (Brain); Suppuration (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: The patient was admitted with a superficial scalp wound caused about ten minutes previously by a fall of about six feet from a ladder.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Henry Critcher, 23, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 23
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 27 Aug 1845
Date of death: 5 Jun 1846
Disease (transcribed): Ulceration of the cartilage and caries of the spine. Double psoas abscess. Scrofulous suppuration of left hip joint, with destruction of ligamentem teres and extensive absorption of cartilages. Patch of miliary tubercles in left lung.
Disease (standardised): Ulcer (Spine); Caries (Spine); Abscess (Psoas muscles); Tuberculosis (Hip); Suppuration (Hip); Tuberculosis (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient stated that about five months before admission while apparently in a state of perfect health, he got wet and developed severe pain in the left lumbar region.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Timblett, 19, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 19
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 1 Jun 1846
Date of death: 9 Jun 1846
Disease (transcribed): Large calculi in bladder and right ureter. Inflammation of bladder and of sub peritoneal tissue of left loin and iliac fossa. Kidneys extensively absorbed. Uterus, pelvis etc much dilated.
Disease (standardised): Calculi (Bladder); Calculi (Ureter); Inflammation (Bladder); Inflammation (Abdomen); Disease (Kidney); Dilated (Uterus);Dilated (Pelvis)
Admitted under the care of: Johnson, Henry Charles
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient stated that he suddenly felt acute pain from the loins to the region of the bladder. After being free from pain for two years after, he then passed a stone by the urethra and the pain returned.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Robina Crisp, 6, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 6
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 28 May 1846
Date of death: 19 Jun 1846
Disease (transcribed): Anasarca. Chronic inflammation of pericardium with extensive effusion of pus. Pleurisy on both sides. Ulceration of cartilages of elbow joint with extensive suppuration in neighbourhood.
Disease (standardised): Oedema (Leg); Inflammation (Heart); Suppuration (Heart); Pleurisy (Pleura); Ulcer (Arm); Suppuration (Arm)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: When admitted the patient appeared to be suffering principally from excessive debility.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and left superior extremity
Type of incident: n/a

Georgina Leigh, 13, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 13
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 29 May 1846
Date of death: 20 Jun 1846
Disease (transcribed): Injury of left knee. Suppuration of joint, destruction of cartilages and of articular lamellae. Large abscess on thigh
Disease (standardised): Injury (Leg); Suppuration (Leg); Abscess (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This child was admitted having a few minutes previously been knocked down and trodden on by a horse.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and left inferior extremity
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Richard Egin, 59, Carpenter

Occupation or role: Carpenter
Age: 59
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 13 May 1846
Date of death: 20 Jun 1846
Disease (transcribed): Caries of the sternum and left scapula. Abscess in the anterior mediastinum. Pleurisy on the right side with inflammation and suppuration of the portion of the right lung. Old adhesions left side.
Disease (standardised): Caries (Sternum); Caries (Scapula); Abscess (Thoracic cavity); Pleurisy (Pleura); Inflammation (Lung); Suppuration (Lung);Adhesions (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient was admitted with a fluctuating tumour about the size of a pigeon’s egg on the left side of the sternum near its centre.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax. The examination was not carried further, at the request of the son
Type of incident: n/a

Edward Warman, 55, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 55
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 8 Apr 1846
Date of death: 20 Jun 1846
Disease (transcribed): Paraplegia. Sloughing of the skin over the prominent parts. Structures of brain and spinal marrow healthy in appearance. Slight effusion of fluid in sub arachnoid tissue and in theca. Hypertrophy of bladder. False passage in prostate.
Disease (standardised): Paraplegia (Central nervous system); Sloughing (Skin); Effusion (Brain); Disease (Bladder); False passage (Prostate)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient was admitted in a pale emaciated condition under the physician for what appeared to be rheumatic pains, but was then transferred to Mr Hawkins.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, spine, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

John Appleton, 47, Labourer

Occupation or role: Labourer
Age: 47
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 19 Jun 1846
Date of death: 28 Jun 1846
Disease (transcribed): Erysipelas of the arm and chest. Diffuse cellular inflammation of the arm. Old adhesions about the right lung the liver and spleen. Heart flaccid and dilated. Lungs emphysematous. Ribs fractured and united.
Disease (standardised): Erysipelas (Skin); Inflammation (Arm); Disease (Heart); Emphysema (Lung); Fracture (Ribs); Adhesions (Lung);Adhesions (Liver) ; Adhesions (Spleen)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient was first admitted on 5th May with fractured ribs and discharged on 17th June. It appears that the evening after his discharge he went to bed somewhat inebriated and complained the next day of feeling generally unwell, depressed and shivering.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and right upper extremity
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Dinah Green, 17, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 17
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 11 May 1846
Date of death: 30 Jun 1846
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of sternum, of pelvis, of left leg and of left arm. Secondary deposits in various parts. Suppuration about some of the fractures. Pleuropneumonia.
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Sternum); Fracture (Pelvis); Fracture (Leg); Fracture (Arm); Suppuration (Fractures); Pleuropneumonia (Pleura, Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient threw himself from the window of a fifth story building and fell on her side.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, left inferior extremity, left superior extremity, right forearm and sternum
Type of incident: Suicide

William Tooty, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 8 Jul 1846
Date of death: 8 Jul 1846
Disease (transcribed): Strangulated hernia. The strangulation being produced by the internal abdominal ring, and the hernia not passing down further than the inguinal canal. Gut of a dark colour and covered with fibrine, otherwise healthy
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen); Disease (Gastrointestinal tract)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient was admitted in a state of great depression with a pale, anxious countenance and small pulse. In the right inguinal region was a hernial tumour about the size of the fist.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

James Bennett, 50, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 18 Jun 1846
Date of death: 9 Jul 1846
Disease (transcribed): Rupture of the anterior part of the bladder from a blow above the pubis. Extravasation of urine into the cellular tissue behind the pubis, detaching the peritoneum extensively from its connexions. Inflammation of bladder.
Disease (standardised): Rupture (Bladder); Extravasation (Bladder); Inflammation (Bladder)
Admitted under the care of: Tatum, Thomas
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient stated that he was knocked down and his belly was jumped upon by a man on June 16th.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and thorax
Type of incident: Homicide/murder

John Davis, 42, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 42
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 7 Jul 1846
Date of death: 10 Jul 1846
Disease (transcribed): Scalp wound. Extensive fracture of skull with separation of suture. Small quantity of blood between the bone and dura mater. Laceration and contusion of brain with slight extravasation of blood in the cavity of the arachnoid.
Disease (standardised): Wound (Head); Fracture (Skull); Contusions (Brain); Extravasation (Brain )
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: It was stated that this man fell about ten feet, struck his head against some stone flags and was immediately stunned.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Samuel Howell, 56, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 56
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 1 Jul 1846
Date of death: 11 Jul 1846
Disease (transcribed): Hypertrophy of prostate, and bladder which was fasciculated. Phthisis. Old adhesions. Tubercles in kidneys.
Disease (standardised): Disease (Prostate); Disease (Bladder); Tuberculosis (Lung); Tuberculosis (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient was admitted in an emaciated and sickly condition. He complained of aching pains extending from the loins downwards, frequent nausea, and difficulty in passing motions.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Henry Hailesbury, 17, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 17
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 29 Jun 1846
Date of death: 13 Jul 1846
Disease (transcribed): Scalp wound with extensive effusion of blood under the scalp. Extensive fracture of the skull and separation of the saggital suture, with depression of one parietal. Suppuration between bone and dura mater in the cavity of the arachnoid.
Disease (standardised): Wound (Head); Fracture (Skull); Suppuration (Skull); Suppuration (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This boy, having fallen about fourteen feet in Hyde Park, was admitted insensible and cold with a scalp wound.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Elisabeth Stephens, 42, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 42
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 3 Jul 1846
Date of death: 13 Jul 1846
Disease (transcribed): Extensive diffuse cellular inflammation of thigh
Disease (standardised): Inflammation (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: Case omitted as there was no post mortem examination of the body.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: The body was not examined
Type of incident: n/a

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