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Haward, John Warrington
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Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • 406 PM
  • Collection
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

Jane Gillingham, 30, Married

Occupation or role: Married
Age: 30
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 21 Jan 1874
Date of death: 8 Apr 1874
Disease (transcribed): Cancer of uterus and vagina
Disease (standardised): Cancer (Uterus); Cancer (Vagina)
Admitted under the care of: Clarke, John
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Medical notes: This woman was married, had six children, was confined three months ago and had never been perfectly well since.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys, glands and organs of generation
Type of incident: n/a

Edmund Gardner, 49, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 49
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 3 Apr 1872
Date of death: 28 Apr 1872
Disease (transcribed): (Ankylosis of knee). Amputation of leg. Calcareous atheroma. Secondary haemorrhage. Exhaustion. Granular kidneys
Disease (standardised): Ankylosis (Leg); Amputation (Leg); Plaque, atherosclerotic (Arteries); Haemorrhage (Leg); Exhaustion (Systemic); Disease (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Post mortem examination performed by: Whipham, Thomas Tillyer
Medical notes: This man came in with disease of the right knee joint of a few years duration.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, heart, liver, spleen and kidneys
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Warner, 21, Plate Layer

Occupation or role: Plate Layer
Age: 21
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 19 Jan 1870
Date of death: 30 Mar 1870
Disease (transcribed): Crushed foot. Amputation. Pyaemia.
Disease (standardised): Amputation (Foot); Sepsis (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: As the body was not examined, the case is not herein reported.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: The body was not examined
Type of incident: n/a

David Hansell, 62, Pewterer

Occupation or role: Pewterer
Age: 62
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 12 Mar 1884
Date of death: 27 Mar 1884
Disease (transcribed): Cystitis. Enlarged prostate
Disease (standardised): Cystitis (Bladder); Enlarged (Prostate)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: Margerison, Richard
Post mortem examination performed by: Ross, Daniel McClure
Medical notes: It was gathered that this man had suffered from enlargement of the prostate for some fifteen years.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys and bladder
Type of incident: n/a

Mary Evans, 72, Charwoman

Occupation or role: Charwoman
Age: 72
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 24 Mar 1880
Date of death: 27 Mar 1880
Disease (transcribed): Hernia. Sloughing of intestinal wall. Operation
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen); Sloughing (Intestines); Operation (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: Dent, Clinton Thomas
Post mortem examination performed by: Owen, Herbert Isambard
Medical notes: This patient had been suffering from cough for some time. 72 hours before admission, during a violent fit of coughing a hard lump formed suddenly in the right groin.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, lungs, heart, liver, spleen and kidneys
Type of incident: n/a

Albert Webb, 1, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 1
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 14 Mar 1883
Date of death: 18 Mar 1883
Disease (transcribed): Gangrenous varicella. Pleuritis. Abscess in lungs
Disease (standardised): Chickenpox (Systemic); Gangrene (Tissues); Pleurisy (Pleura); Abscess (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: Margerison, Richard
Post mortem examination performed by: Ross, Daniel McClure
Medical notes: It was not know whether there were any other eruptive fevers in the same house or street, or among acquaintances of the parents. The child had been vaccinated two months ago. No abnormal course followed.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, heart, abdomen, liver, spleen, kidneys, joints, skull and brain
Type of incident: n/a

George Burt, 62, Carman

Occupation or role: Carman
Age: 62
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 8 Mar 1892
Date of death: 13 Mar 1892
Disease (transcribed): Compound fractured leg. Pyaemia
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Leg); Sepsis (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: See surgical notes
Body parts examined in the post mortem: No postmortem examination
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

John McKay, 49, Builder

Occupation or role: Builder
Age: 49
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 3 Mar 1895
Date of death: 3 Mar 1895
Disease (transcribed): Acute intestinal obstruction
Disease (standardised): Obstruction (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: See surgical notes.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: No examination allowed
Type of incident: n/a

Edward Siggins, 79, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 79
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 8 Jan 1870
Date of death: 29 Mar 1870
Disease (transcribed): Fractured leg. Senile delirium.
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Leg); Delirium (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Holmes, Timothy
Medical examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: As the body was not examined, the case is not herein reported.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: The body was not examined
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Smith, 50, Scaffolder

Occupation or role: Scaffolder
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 13 Mar 1888
Date of death: 15 Mar 1888
Disease (transcribed): n/a
Disease (standardised):
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: 'Not examined (inquest case)’

Type of incident: n/a

James Lemon, 21, Bootmaker

Occupation or role: Bootmaker
Age: 21
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 17 Mar 1882
Date of death: 6 Apr 1882
Disease (transcribed): Double pneumonia
Disease (standardised): Pneumonia (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: Turner, George Robertson
Post mortem examination performed by: Margerison, Richard
Medical notes: A week before admission, without apparent cause, his neck became swollen and inflamed.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Heart, lungs, liver, spleen and kidneys
Type of incident: n/a

William Greenaway, [No age stated], Stableman

Occupation or role: Stableman
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 17 Apr 1872
Date of death: 24 Apr 1872
Disease (transcribed): Caries of vertebrae. Double psoas abscess. Miliary tubercles. Lardaceous disease
Disease (standardised): Caries (Spine); Abscess (Psoas muscle); Tuberculosis (Lung); Amyloidosis (Spleen); Amyloidosis (Kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Lee, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Post mortem examination performed by: Whipham, Thomas Tillyer
Medical notes: A year before admission this man had pain in the lumbar spine, which lasted several months. It became less for a time, but then recurred and six weeks before admission a swelling appeared in the right groin.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Bones, pleurae, lungs, heart, liver, spleen and kidneys
Type of incident: n/a

Stephen Fry, 52, Coachman

Occupation or role: Coachman
Age: 52
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 6 Apr 1874
Date of death: 7 Apr 1874
Disease (transcribed): Cirrhosis of liver. Granular kidney. Dropsy
Disease (standardised): Cirrhosis (Liver); Disease (Kidney); Oedema (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Wadham, William
Medical examination performed by: Fenwick, John Charles James
Post mortem examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Medical notes: This man was said to have vomited much blood, was very weak and had slight jaundice.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Brain, pleurae, lungs, heart, peritoneum, liver, spleen and kidneys
Type of incident: n/a

Robert Holliday, 46, Labourer

Occupation or role: Labourer
Age: 46
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 11 Mar 1874
Date of death: 6 Apr 1874
Disease (transcribed): Lymphadenoma affecting lymphatic glands and abdominal viscera
Disease (standardised): Lymphadenoma (Lymph nodes); Lymphadenoma (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Pollock, George
Medical examination performed by: Rowland, Edward Roger
Post mortem examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Medical notes: This patient first noticed about six weeks ago a small swelling situated just below the right ear which increased rapidly.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, brain, pleurae, lungs, heart, pericardium, liver, spleen, kidneys and lymphatic glands
Type of incident: n/a

Edward Dixon, 59, Butcher

Occupation or role: Butcher
Age: 59
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 22 Feb 1870
Date of death: 27 Mar 1870
Disease (transcribed): Hydatid cysts in the substance of the sacrum and deep muscles of the back. Pneumonia.
Disease (standardised): Echinococcosis (Spine); Pneumonia (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Pollock, George
Medical examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Post mortem examination performed by: Whipham, Thomas Tillyer
Medical notes: The patient had a swelling form over the back of the right thigh, which gradually increased without pain and burst three months before admission.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, heart, liver, kidneys, bones and muscles
Type of incident: n/a

Emma Rogers, 40, Salesman

Occupation or role: Salesman
Age: 40
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1873
Date of death: 23 Apr 1873
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Medical examination performed by: Laking, Francis Henry
Post mortem examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Medical notes: This woman was admitted in a moribund and collapsed state.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, heart, liver, spleen and kidneys
Type of incident: n/a

Ellen Gough, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 2
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 6 May 1871
Date of death: 7 May 1871
Disease (transcribed): Fractured skull
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull)

Admitted under the care of: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: 'As the body was not examined, the case is not herein reported’
Post mortem notes: Body parts examined in the post mortem: 'Not examined’

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

George Nichols, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 2
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 29 Apr 1871
Date of death: 5 May 1871
Disease (transcribed): Extensive fracture of the base of the skull. Fractured femur
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull, femur)

Admitted under the care of: Holmes, Timothy
Medical examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Post mortem examination performed by: Whipham, Thomas Tillyer
Medical notes: 'The boy fell from a window 15 feet. When admitted was sensible, there was a bruise over left eyebrow, and subconjunctival ecchymosis on left side. Also a fracture of left femur’
Post mortem notes: Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

John Sands, 6, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 6
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 2 Mar 1895
Date of death: 2 Mar 1895
Disease (transcribed): Severe burns followed by collapse
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin); Collapse (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: See surgical notes.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: No examination post mortem
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Henry Page, 45, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 45
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 28 Mar 1874
Date of death: 31 Mar 1874
Disease (transcribed): Encephaloid cancer of the liver
Disease (standardised): Cancer (Liver)
Admitted under the care of: Dickinson, William Howship
Medical examination performed by: Fenwick, John Charles James
Post mortem examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Medical notes: He was attacked last December with shivering, abdominal pain, coldness of the extremities and cramps. Soon afterwards the legs began to swell.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, heart, peritoneum, liver, spleen, kidneys and alimentary canal
Type of incident: n/a

Frederick Buckingham, 33, Coal porter

Occupation or role: Coal porter
Age: 33
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 7 Mar 1892
Date of death: 12 Mar 1892
Disease (transcribed): Compound fracture of arm. Gangrene
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Arm); Gangrene (Arm)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: See surgical notes
Body parts examined in the post mortem: No postmortem examination
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Alexander Donaldson, 49, Tailor

Occupation or role: Tailor
Age: 49
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 16 Apr 1873
Date of death: 17 Apr 1873
Disease (transcribed): Mitral and tricuspid contraction. Hypertrophy of right ventricle and left auricle. Cirrhosis of liver
Disease (standardised): Disease (Heart); Cirrhosis (Liver)
Admitted under the care of: Ogle, John William
Medical examination performed by: Laking, Francis Henry
Post mortem examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Medical notes: This man stated that he had been in comparatively good health except occasional shortness of breath on any exertion up to about two weeks ago when much pain in the chest commenced. A short time after he spat up much blood.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys and peritoneum
Type of incident: n/a

Mary Cooper, 45, Married

Occupation or role: Married
Age: 45
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 4 Feb 1874
Date of death: 30 Mar 1874
Disease (transcribed): Disease of heart. Bronchitis. Cirrhosis of liver. Dropsy
Disease (standardised): Disease (Heart); Bronchitis (Lung); Cirrhosis (Liver); Oedema (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Medical examination performed by: Fenwick, John Charles James
Post mortem examination performed by: Haward, John Warrington
Medical notes: She had an umbilical hernia for three years. Six weeks ago she felt heaviness in the abdomen and noticed that it was increasing.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Pleurae, lungs, heart, peritoneum, liver, spleen, kidneys and organs of generation
Type of incident: n/a

George Upstone, 8, [Child of] Blindmaker

Occupation or role: [Child of] Blindmaker
Age: 8
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 28 Feb 1888
Date of death: 8 Mar 1888
Disease (transcribed): Ruptured spleen. Abdominal section. Purulent peritonitis. Ruptured intestines.
Disease (standardised): Rupture (Spleen, intestines); Section (Abdomen); Peritonitis (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Haward, John Warrington
Medical examination performed by: Penrose, Francis George
Post mortem examination performed by: Bull, William C.
Medical notes: '[No history] of any importance previous to the accident. The boy was knocked down & the wheel of a carriage passed over his abdomen’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Body parts examined: Abdomen, liver, spleen, stomach, intestines, kidneys, lungs, heart

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

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