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Gray, Henry Pathological conditions, signs and symptoms With digital objects
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George Baker, 28, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 28
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 18 Oct 1848
Date of death: 21 Dec 1848
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fatal haemorrhage.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Haemorrhage (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This patient stated that he had got wet through on the 24th September after which he was seized with cold shivers and pain in both sides of chest followed by cough.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Joseph Ellam, 38, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 38
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 21 Dec 1848
Date of death: 26 Dec 1848
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the base of skull extending through left tympanum. Inflammation of brain.
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Inflammation (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Blagden, Robert
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: About an hour before his admission, this patient had fallen from a ladder eight or ten feet from the ground and struck the back of his head against an iron grating.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

John Floyd, 35, Gentleman’s servant

Occupation or role: Gentleman’s servant
Age: 35
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 28 Dec 1848
Date of death: 1 Jan 1849
Disease (transcribed): Pleurisy. Pneumonia. Dilated heart. Fatty liver & kidney
Disease (standardised): Pleurisy (Lungs); Pneumonia (Lungs); Disease (Heart, liver, kidney)
Admitted under the care of: Bence Jones, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'A gentleman’s servant, who stated that when with the family in the country about a month ago, he had been seized with pain in the region of the heart, commencing gradually & remaining continuously, which was soon followed by palpitations & dyspnoea’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Hannah Peal, 60, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 60
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 27 Dec 1848
Date of death: 6 Jan 1849
Disease (transcribed): Strangulated femoral hernia. Operation. Erysipelas
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Thigh); Operation Erysipelas (Skin)
Admitted under the care of: Tatum, Thomas
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'She had had a reducible femoral hernia of the right side for nearly 4 years, for which she wore a truss. On the 26th of December she felt some tenseness & uneasiness in the bowels & a frequent desire to go to stool, which resulted only in one scanty evacuation. She had been in good health on the preceding day. About 10 o’clock on the evening of the 26th she was suddenly seized with violent sickness & vomiting, which continued through the night, accompanied by griping pains in the bowels’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Burnett, 56, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 56
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 20 Jan 1848
Date of death: 24 Jan 1849
Disease (transcribed): Strangulated femoral hernia. Intestines sloughy. Operation. Low peritonitis
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Thigh); Sloughing (Intestines); Operation; Peritonitis (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'For 4 years she had had a femoral hernia of the right side. At first she wore a truss, but discontinued it at the end of 12 months on account of the pain & distress in the part, and the numbness in the leg which it occasioned. After she discontinued wearing the truss, the hernia became incarcerated, but there is no history of it ever having been strangulated until the 14th of January, when she was seized with pain in the abdomen and vomited several times, the bowels acting only once’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen, thorax

Type of incident: n/a

John Kandering, 41, Chimney sweep

Occupation or role: Chimney sweep
Age: 41
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 6 Dec 1848
Date of death: 5 Mar 1849
Disease (transcribed): Chimney sweep’s cancer of the scrotum. Sloughing ulceration of glands in groin. Secondary deposits in the lungs
Disease (standardised): Cancer (Scrotum); Ulcer (Groin); Deposit (Lungs)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient, a chimney sweep by trade, was admitted with a cancerous ulcer situated on the right side & lower part of the scrotum. About 3 years before, there first appeared, in the situation now occupied by the ulcer, a small warty excrescence which enlarged very slowly & without pain. This in about two years began to ulcerate, but as it gave him no inconvenience he did not seek medical aid. In the course of another three months a gland in the right groin began to enlarge and finally wen on to ulceration’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, scrotum, penis, inguinal regions

Type of incident: n/a

John Parsons, 22, Sailor

Occupation or role: Sailor
Age: 22
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 16 Feb 1849
Date of death: 12 Mar 1849
Disease (transcribed): Hematuria. Scrofulous deposit in the kidneys, bladder & urethra. Tubercles in kidneys
Disease (standardised): Hematuria (Urogenital tract); Deposit (Kidneys, bladder, urethra); Tuberculosis (Kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical examination performed by:
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient stated that about 3 years previous to the date of his admission he began to experience a sense of weakness, scarcely amounting to pain, in his loins & thighs. He was a sailor & attributed his complaint in part to constant exposure to cold & inclement weather in the exercise of his vocation; but after a time he noticed that he passed water more freuqnetly than normal & in about 12 months from the first occasion of his complaint his urine became more or less coloured with blood’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Charlotta Lucas, 75, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 75
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 14 Mar 1849
Date of death: 23 Mar 1849
Disease (transcribed): Ascites. Fluid in left pleural cavity. Heart hypertrophied. Nutmeg liver. Cysts in both kidneys
Disease (standardised): Ascites (Peritoneum); Disease (Lungs, heart, liver); Cyst (Kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Page, William Emanuel
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient who was admitted with general dropsy, dusky complexion and considerable dyspnoea, stated that she had suffered occasionally from dropsy in the ankles since September, that the abdomen had been swelled since Xmas, and that she had never been entirely free from it after that time. She gave an indefinite account of previous palpitation and shortness of breath, and stated that she had never had rheumatic fever, nor detailed any other assignable cause’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

James Hubbard, 65, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 65
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 11 Apr 1849
Date of death: 14 Apr 1849
Disease (transcribed): Fever
Disease (standardised): Fever (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Page, William Emanuel
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'As the body was not examined, the history of this case is not given’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: 'The body was not examined’

Type of incident: n/a

James Keep, 47, Distillery worker

Occupation or role: Distillery worker
Age: 47
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 4 Apr 1849
Date of death: 20 Apr 1849
Disease (transcribed): Abscesses & cysts in both kidneys. Abscess of the prostate communicating with the urethra. Extravasation of blood beneath mucous membrane of the bladder. Serous apoplexy. Wet brain
Disease (standardised): Abscess (Kidneys); Cyst (Kidneys); Abscess (Prostate); Extravasation (Bladder); Apoplexy (Brain); Disease (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Keate, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'No distinct account could be elicited respecting the history of this patient’s complaint, but it appeared that for years he had at intervals experienced some difficulty in passing his urine for which the catheter had occasionally been employed. He had been a pretty free drinker, having been employed at a distillery, and in the beginning his complaint appears to have been occasional attacks of spasmodic stricture, but for the last four months there had been some permanent difficulty in micturition’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Benjamin Brook, 44, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 44
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 27 Mar 1849
Date of death: 20 Apr 1849
Disease (transcribed): Erysipelas. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the fauces, larynx & trachea. Ulceration of the cartilage of the femur & patella
Disease (standardised): Erysipelas (Skin); Inflammation (Mouth, throat); Ulcer (Thigh, knee)
Admitted under the care of: Tatum, Thomas
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted with a contusion of the left knee caused by a fall. This was followed by inflammation of the synovial membrane with considerable effusion into the cavity of the joint’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, larynx, trachea, thorax, abdomen, left knee joint

Type of incident: n/a

William Clark, 31, Workman

Occupation or role: Workman
Age: 31
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Mar 1849
Date of death: 22 Apr 1849
Disease (transcribed): Compound fracture of the leg. Fractured humerus. Scrofulous deposits in both lungs & in spleen. Yellow tinge of integument. Liver healthy. Blood fluid & altered form of the blood discs
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Leg, arm); Deposit (Lungs, spleen); Disease (Skin)
Admitted under the care of: Tatum, Thomas
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted with a compound fracture of the right tibia & fibula, fracture of right humerus, & a scalp wound 3 inches long, situated on the right side of the vertex of the skull, at the bottom of which the bone could be felt exposed. He was a workman at the New Bridge at Barnes [Barnes Railway Bridge] where some portion of the scaffolding having given way he was precipitated from a height of 40ft’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

James Miller, 39, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 39
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 4 Apr 1849
Date of death: 25 Apr 1849
Disease (transcribed): Fractured lamina & body of cervical vertebrae with displacement & encroachment in the spinal canal. Inflammation & softening of the cord. Congested & condensed lungs. Inflamed ileum, kidneys & bladder
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Neck, spine); Inflammation (Spine); Congestion (Lungs); Inflammation (Intestines, kidneys, bladder)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted into the hospital in consequence of a severe blow on the back of his neck received half an hour before, caused by a fall from a height of about five & twenty feet. He was unable to stand, move his shoulders, or rouse his head erect & complained of pain in the neck. He was not collapsed. His tongue much coated, & his bowels were evacuated involuntarily as the lied upon the bed; but his drunken condition prevented the full extent of his injuries from being ascertained at the time of admission’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, spine, thorax, abdomen, pelvis

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

Richard Ward, 41, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 41
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 24 Apr 1849
Date of death: 26 Apr 1849
Disease (transcribed): Delirium tremens. Wet brain & extravasation of blood in pia mater covering cerebellum. Fatty liver. Oblique inguinal hernia
Disease (standardised): Alcohol withdrawal delirium (Brain); Extravasation (Brain); Disease (Liver); Hernia (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Bence Jones, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This man, who was an old offender, was stated to have been drinking hard for a fortnight previous to the appearance of his present symptoms, which had only begun to shew themselves 3 or 4 days before admission. He had been in the hospital 3 or 4 times with similar attacks. On the last occasion just after Xmas he had been ill 7 days before his admission, and continued delirious 6 days in the house. His former attack had only been 6 weeks before that one’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William Baker, 50, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 25 Apr 1849
Date of death: 26 Apr 1849
Disease (transcribed): Caries of the sella turcica. Softening of all central parts of the brain
Disease (standardised): Caries (Skull); Softening (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'Of this man’s illness it was very difficult to obtain any history as he was only once seen by the physician, and then seemed to be depressed from the exhaustion of being brought to the hospital. There was a considerable degree of anxiety about his face, and with a good deal of hesitation in his manner, there seemed to be some confusion of thought’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Hannah Musselwhite, 58, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 58
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 18 Apr 1849
Date of death: 29 Apr 1849
Disease (transcribed): Hypertrophied & dilated heart, diseased mitral & aortic valves. Anasarca. Pulmonary apoplexy. Congested liver & kidneys. Fibrous tumours of the uterus
Disease (standardised): Disease (Heart); Edema (Systemic); Stroke (Lungs); Congestion (Liver, kidneys); Tumour (Uterus)
Admitted under the care of: Bence Jones, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient stated that she had been ill 3 months with cold & cough & expectoration of a large quantity of frothy mucus, that the cough was now somewhat relieved, but she suffered much from shortness of breath, being unable to lye down in bed’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Richard Wright, 24, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 24
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 14 Mar 1849
Date of death: 3 May 1849
Disease (transcribed): Laryngitis. Laryngotomy. Pneumonia, grey hepatisation. Old & recent pleuritic adhesions
Disease (standardised): Laryngitis (Larynx); Laryngotomy; Pneumonia (Lungs); Disease (Lungs)
Admitted under the care of: Page, William Emanuel
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This patient was originally admitted under the care of Mr Cutler [Edward Cutler] with hydrocele. On 12th April some feverish symptoms were observed & purgative & saline medicine, but it was not till the 18th that it was discovered that his whole body was covered with a mottled rash, when he was immediately transferred to the care of the physician’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Larynx, trachea, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Mary Webber, 18, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 18
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 28 Feb 1849
Date of death: 7 May 1849
Disease (transcribed): Pneumothorax. Empyema. Tubercles & vomicae in the left lung. Congested liver. Fibrinous block in the spleen
Disease (standardised): Pneumothorax (Lungs); Empyema (Lungs); Tuberculosis (Lungs); Abscess (Lungs); Congestion (Liver)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This girl stated that she had been only ill during 3 weeks previous to her admission, that she had enjoyed good health up to the period, and although having a delicate complexion was in pretty good condition. She complained of catching pain under the left breast, which interfered with her coughing or drawing a deep breath, & said she could not lye on that side at night’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Mary Gilpin, 40, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 40
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 5 May 1849
Date of death: 14 May 1849
Disease (transcribed): Atrophied & granular degeneration of the kidneys. Wet brain. Cysts in both ovaries
Disease (standardised): Disease (Kidneys, brain); Cyst (Ovaries)
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This patient had been under the care of Dr Page [William Emanuel Page] about 2 months previously, when she appeared to be in a cachectic state, with sallow complexion, confined bowels, bilious vomiting & headache. She complained of continual noise in her head, and always said that she felt she should go out of her mind. She left the hospital considerably relieved, but was unable to return to her work. She was brought to the hospital with a report that she had had a fit on the previous day, in which she had become quite unconscious, and since that had been violently delirious’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Richard White, 34, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 34
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 8 May 1849
Date of death: 19 May 1849
Disease (transcribed): Abscess in right kidney. Circumscribed abscess in peritoneal cavity. Left kidney enormously hypertrophied. Tuberculosis of the peritoneum. Extensive peritonitis. Scrotal hernia
Disease (standardised): Abscess (Kidneys, peritoneum); Disease (Kidneys); Tuberculosis (Peritoneum); Peritonitis (Abdomen); Hernia (Scrotum)
Admitted under the care of: Nairne, Robert and Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted with a scrotal hernia of the left side of 17 years’ duration, never wholly reducible. He had always worn a truss which had prevented the hernia increasing in size until the 3rd of May, when he observed it rather larger than usual, but free form pain. In the evening of the 3rd he had vomiting once, & the bowels acted scantily on the following morning; & then, not again till the evening of the 7th, by injection’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Henry Pearse, 23, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 23
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 16 May 1849
Date of death: 22 May 1849
Disease (transcribed): Brain congested, serous effusion in the ventricles. Tubercles in the cerebellum, the lungs, liver & kidneys
Disease (standardised): Congestion (Brain); Tuberculosis (Brain, lungs, liver, kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Bence Jones, Henry and Pitman, Henry
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This man, who have a very obscure account of his symptoms, stated that he had been constantly exposed to cold in his work while perspiring and that without any particular cause of illness he had been so weak as to be unable to return to work after the 3rd inst. He had been OP [out-patient for some time under Dr Pitman [Henry Pitman], and had been confined to bed for 3 or 4 days before his admission’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

James Miles, 57, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 57
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 30 May 1849
Date of death: 1 Jun 1849
Disease (transcribed): Malignant tumour of the neck. Obliteration of the external & internal jugular veins on the left side. Obliteration of the left lateral sinus
Disease (standardised): Tumour (Neck)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted with that form of malignant disease which has been termed ‘scirrhous infiltration’ extending over the left side of the neck from the angle of the jaw to the clavicle’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, neck , cranium

Type of incident: n/a

William Fraser, 42, Pensioner

Occupation or role: Pensioner
Age: 42
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 6 Jun 1849
Date of death: 14 Jun 1849
Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Tubercles & vomicae in both lungs. Mitral valve thick & opaque. Scrofulous tubercular deposit in the subperitoneal tissue & substance of liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys &c
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Abscess (Lungs); Disease (Heart); Deposit (Peritoneum, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Page, William Emanuel
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'An old pensioner who had been at a review on 1st June, when he said he had sweated a great deal & caught fresh cold. He had however had cough 3 weeks, but denied that he was in the habit of perspiring very freely, or that he had ever spit blood. Was complaining of great weakness so as to be unable to sit up in bed’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Zlumper, 44, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 44
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 20 Jun 1849
Date of death: 21 Jun 1849
Disease (transcribed): Anasarca. Renal disease
Disease (standardised): Edema (Systemic); Disease (Kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'As the body was not examined, the history of this case is not given’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: 'The body was not examined’

Type of incident: n/a

Ann Skipp, 13, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 13
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 6 Jun 1849
Date of death: 8 Jul 1849
Disease (transcribed): Tubercles & vomicae in both lungs. Enlarged bronchial glands. Heart healthy. Extensive ulceration of the small & commencement of the large intestine. Enlarged mesenteric glands
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lungs); Abscess (Lungs); Ulcer (Intestines); Enlargement (Mesenteric glands)
Admitted under the care of: Page, William Emanuel
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This girl had been in the hospital 8 or 9 months previously with dropsy consequent on scarlet fever, from which she had completely recovered before leaving, but she had suffered more or less ever since from diarrhoea. The abdomen had been swelled & very tender for several weeks, and she said the legs had also been swelled, but were not so on admission’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

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