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Hawkins, Caesar Henry
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Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • GB 406 PM
  • Collection
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

Rare Books

  • GB 406 RB
  • Collection
  • 1532-1994

Collection of rare books accumulated by the medical school library when it was originally located at Hyde Park Corner, in central London. Also contains books collected by the medical school library when it relocated in 1976 to Tooting, London.

St George's Hospital Medical School, London

Edward Wilding, 19, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 19
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 Apr 1856
Date of death: 2 May 1856
Disease (transcribed): Strumous disease of the Kidney and Bladder
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Kidney); Tuberculosis (Bladder)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This man was admitted on account of pain in micturition and frequent need to make water.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Mary Batchelor, 7, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 7
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 1 May 1850
Date of death: 2 Jun 1850
Disease (transcribed): Strumous disease of the knee joint. Amputation. Pyaemia
Disease (standardised): Disease (Knee); Amputation (Leg); Sepsis (Systemic)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Rouse, James
Post mortem examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Medical notes: This patient was admitted with strumous disease of the knee joint which had existed for about three years.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and right lower extremity
Type of incident: n/a

Charles Golfe, 39, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 39
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 17 Apr 1844
Date of death: 1 May 1844
Disease (transcribed): Extensive abscess of the thigh and leg communicating with the cavity of the knee joint.
Disease (standardised): Abscess (Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: There was no clear history attached to the case, but he stated that the knee had been swollen and painful for about two months.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and right inferior extremity
Type of incident: n/a

William Armstrong, 19, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 19
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 5 Dec 1849
Date of death: 2 Jun 1850
Disease (transcribed): Encephaloid disease of the femur and lungs
Disease (standardised): Cancer (Leg); Cancer (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Holl, Harvey Buchanan
Medical notes: This patient was admitted with a large tumour extending from about the middle of the left femur.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and left thigh
Type of incident: n/a

Henry Isaacs, 40, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 40
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 14 Apr 1846
Date of death: 21 Apr 1846
Disease (transcribed): Mania. Cut throat. Inflammation of sub mucous tissues of larynx. Pleurisy. Extensive inflammation and gangrene of arms.
Disease (standardised): Bipolar Disorder; Wound (Throat); Inflammation (Larynx); Pleurisy (Pleura); Inflammation (Arm); Gangrene (Arm)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: The patient was first admitted on March 25th under Mr Cutler’s care in a state of collapse, insensible and with several small superficial wounds of the throat which had been inflicted by himself a short time before admission. He was re-admitted having again cut his throat.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, neck, thorax, abdomen and superior extremities
Type of incident: Suicide

Elizabeth Strangeman, 29, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 29
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 11 Feb 1846
Date of death: 21 Apr 1846
Disease (transcribed): Encephaloid disease of the posterior mediastinum enveloping the large vessels, trachea, bronchi and oesophagus and spreading to the structure of the left lung, mucous membrane of trachea and bronchi contaminated. Other organs healthy. Old adhesions
Disease (standardised): Cancer (Thoracic cavity); Cancer (Trachea); Cancer (Lung); Cancer (Oesophagus)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry. Nairne, Robert
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: From the account given by this patient it appeared that last December a swelling about the size of a marble formed in the right leg.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Larynx, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Joseph Thursfield, 60, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 60
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 20 Mar 1858
Date of death: 16 Apr 1858
Disease (transcribed): Enlarged prostate. Abscesses between the muscular fasciculi of the bladder. Scattered abscesses of the kidneys. Insanity
Disease (standardised): Enlargement (Prostate); Abscess (Bladder, kidneys); Insanity
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Cooper, George Frederick and Hart, Ernest Abraham
Medical notes: 'Was admitted under Dr Page [William Emanuel Page] for fever & slight delirium, having at the same time retraction & incontinence of urine. He says he had never had either of the 2 latter before, nor can any history of diseased prostate be obtained’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen, pelvis

Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Hopkins, 60, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 60
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 25 Jan 1843
Date of death: 13 May 1843
Disease (transcribed): Ossification of arteries with gangrene senilis of foot.
Disease (standardised): Ossification (Arteries); Gangrene (Foot)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and arteries
Type of incident: n/a

Jane Pearce, 20, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 20
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 15 Oct 1851
Date of death: 19 Apr 1852
Disease (transcribed): Idiotcy. An increased number with diminished size of the cerebral convolutions. New bone added to the inner plate of the calvaria with obliterated sutures. Disease of the vertebrae, sacrum and pelvis
Disease (standardised): Intellectual disability (Brain); Disease (Brain); Disease (Spine); Disease (Pelvis)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Ogle, John William
Medical notes: She was admitted on account of a large fluctuating tumour situated over the region of the left sacro iliac joint.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Elizabeth Hall, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Gender: Female
Age: 76
Date of admission: 27 Mar 1854
Date of death: 2 Apr 1854
Disease (transcribed): Strangulated femoral hernia. Operation. Sloughing of intestine
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Thigh); Operation (Thigh); Sloughing (Intestines)
Admitting doctor: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Surgeon: Ogle, John William
Physician: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: 'This old woman was admitted on account of strangulated femoral hernia, which had excited for 2 days. She had never observed any tumour in the groin before the above date’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen

Type of injury: n/a

Henry Read, 16, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 16
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 17 Jan 1849
Date of death: 1 May 1849
Disease (transcribed): Tubercles in the membranes of the brain, in the right hemisphere, & in both lobes of the cerebellum. Tubercles in the lungs & in the kidneys
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Brain, lungs, kidneys)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Barclay, Andrew Whyte
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: 'This boy scalded his leg in May 1847 & for some months was an inpatient of the hospital, but the sore never healed, and on one or two occasions took on an unhealthy action and bled a good deal. In the summer of 1848 he was at Marget [Margate] but returned in the autumn & in Jan 7 last was readmitted, his health having improved but the sore had become indolent & still occupied a very considerable surface of the limb’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: Trauma / accident

Elizabeth Harrandine, 78, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 78
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 17 Mar 1847
Date of death: 07 Apr 1847
Disease (transcribed): Incarcerated femoral hernia. Peritonitis. Cyst containing hair and fat in ovary. Ossified coronary arteries. Blood fluid
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen); Peritonitis (Abdomen); Cysts (Ovary); Ossification (Arteries)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Pollock, George
Medical notes: The history stated that a hernial protrusion had existed for forty years and it had been incarcerated twice during that time, causing considerable suffering.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Thomas Heath, 21, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 21
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1853
Date of death: 25 Apr 1853
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the spine. Compression of the spinal cord. Extravasation of blood in cord
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Spine); Compression (Spinal cord); Extravasation (Spinal cord)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This man fell from a scaffold an hour before his admission.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Spine, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Sarah Smith , [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Female
Date of admission: n/a
Date of death: 15 Dec 1842
Disease (transcribed): Simple stricture of the Rectum.
Disease (standardised): Stricture (Rectum)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Banister, George
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

John Bartrop, 25, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 25
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 30 Mar 1844
Date of death: 27 Apr 1844
Disease (transcribed): Congestion of the membranes and substance of the Brain, with congestion of various other parts. Spleen twice its natural size, and very soft.
Disease (standardised): Congestion (Brain ); Enlarged (Spleen)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: The patient was admitted in a very cachectic state with a dead and carious condition of some of the bones of the nose and palate and unhealthy ulcers on the bridge and ala nasi. He denied all syphilitic taint and stated that he had never taken Mercury.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, larynx, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Fanny Kirkman, 18 months, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 18 months
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 16 May 1841
Date of death: 21 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Extensive burn. Increased vascularity of brain & its membranes
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin); Vascularity (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Sarah Tidman, 51, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 51
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 10 Mar 1847
Date of death: 03 Apr 1847
Disease (transcribed): Umbilical hernia. Ulceration into sac. Abscess in omentum. Dilated heart with fatty walls. Fibrous tumour of uterus
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen); Ulcer (Abdomen); Disease (Heart); Tumour (Uterus)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Pollock, George
Medical notes: The patient about then months previous to her admission, first perceived a swelling at the umbilicus about the size of a hen’s egg.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Isaac Townshend, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 19 May 1841
Date of death: 21 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Mottled & granular kidneys. Inflammation of trachea. Bronchi-lungs
Disease (standardised): Disease (Kidneys); Inflammation (Trachea); Bronchitis (Lungs)
Admitted under the care of: Wilson, James Arthur
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, larynx, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William Ingelby, 50, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 14 Mar 1847
Date of death: 02 Apr 1847
Disease (transcribed): Stricture of urethra with ulceration behind. Extravasation of urine and abscess in perineum.
Disease (standardised): Constriction (Urethra); Ulcer (Urethra); Extravasation (Urethra); Abscess (Perineum)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Pollock, George
Medical notes: This patient is appeared had suffered with stricture for twenty five years.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Sarah Bryning, 42, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 42
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 13 Apr 1846
Date of death: 15 Apr 1846
Disease (transcribed): Strangulated femoral hernia. Operation. Two knuckles of intestine in one sac, separated from each other by a band running across the mouth of the sac. One knuckle of intestine in a state of mortification. Peritonitis.
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen); Operation (Abdomen); Mortification (Intestines); Peritonitis (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Gee, Adolphus John
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This patient had suffered from hernia for two or three years.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

Mary Dyer, 34, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 34
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 13 Mar 1844
Date of death: 24 Apr 1844
Disease (transcribed): Vascular ? From the Meatus Urinarius. Fatal Peritonitis. Foul matter at side of gut, but not communicating with it. Old adhesions of left ovary to this part.
Disease (standardised): Tumour (Urethra); Peritonitis (Abdomen); Adhesions (Ovary )
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Johnstone, Athol Archibald Wood
Medical notes: The patient was admitted suffering from severe pain in the loins.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Joseph Ford, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 14 Jun 1842
Date of death: 14 Jun 1842
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the Ribs. Emphysema. Extensive contusions and effusion of blood.
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Ribs); Emphysema (Lung); Contusions (Indeterminate)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

John Bettles, 39, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 39
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 11 Jul 1855
Date of death: 10 Jan 1856
Disease (transcribed): Malignant disease of the Bladder
Disease (standardised): Malignancy (Bladder)
Admitted under the care of: Hawkins, Caesar Henry
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: At the beginning of 1855 this man had noticed pain across the hypogastrium and soon after large quantities of mucous mixed with blood in his water.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

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