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Cutler, Edward
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Post Mortem Examinations and Case Books

  • GB 406 PM
  • Collection
  • 1840-1946

The post mortem records contain manuscript case notes, with medical notes both pre and post mortem. These include details on patients’ admission to the hospital, treatments and medication administered to patients and the medical history of patients; the medical histories were copied into the volumes from hospital registers, which are no longer extant. The post mortem cases include detailed pathological findings made during the detailed examination of the body after death. From the 1880s onwards the case books contain original anatomical drawings and photographs.

The following information is recorded for each case. The information is transcribed from the case notes and/or the relevant index and, where relevant, additionally standardised using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)

• Name of the patient. If a name is not entered in the volume, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No name stated]’

• Gender of the patient (female / male / unknown)

• Age of the patient. Usually in numbers, following the original, with the following exceptions: 4/12 = 4 months, 4/52 = 4 weeks, 4/365 = 4 days. If no age is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No age stated]’

• Occupation of the patient. Where no occupation is entered, it is noted in the catalogue as ‘[No occupation stated]’. Children are often designated according to their father’s or mother’s occupation and women by their husband’s occupation (e.g. ‘F / Horsekeeper’, ‘M. Charwoman’, ‘Hd Grocer’); these have been rendered in the catalogue as ‘[Child of] Horsekeeper’, ‘[Wife of] Grocer’

• Date of admission and date of death

• The names of the doctors treating or examining the patient. ‘Admitted under the care of’ denotes the senior doctor in charge of the case (usually entered at the top of the page and in the index); ‘Post mortem performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the post mortem examination (usually signed at the bottom of the page) and ‘Medical examination performed by’ denotes the doctor responsible for the medical examination prior to death (usually signed at the bottom of the page). The earliest records usually contain only one name, and some of the later ones may contain multiple names in each category. An authority record (name access point) with basic biographical details has been created for each doctor mentioned in the records; these can be used to explore all the cases related to a particular individual

• Disease(s) or cause of death of the patient. Transcribed from the medical case and/or the index and standardised, e.g. ‘Disease (transcribed): Phthisis. Fractured base. Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (lungs). Fracture (skull)’

• Medical and post mortem notes. Brief summary description or transcription of the case notes relating to previous medical history (not a full transcription of the case notes)

• Note on whether the case includes illustrations or photographs; these can also be browsed via genre access points

• Note on whether the death was caused by trauma, accident or suicide

• Subject access points, using standardised terms from MeSH, with disease type (e.g. respiratory tract diseases, cardiovascular diseases) and anatomy type (e.g. cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system), which can be used for browsing all relevant cases

Note on transcriptions and abbreviations

Names have been silently expanded, e.g. Jas = James, Wm = William

Some common abbreviations and acronyms

AMCH = Atkinson Morley Convalescent Hospital, Wimbledon
BID = Brought in dead
COA = Condition on admission
F = Father
H or Hd = Husband
HP = House physician
HS = House surgeon
IP = In-patient
L = Left
M = Mother
MR or Med reg or Med r = Medical register or Medical registrar
MS = Museum specimen
OP = Out-patient
OPD = Out-patient department
OR = Obstetric register
PMH = Previous medical history
PH = Previous history
Pt or Pat = Patient
PM = Post mortem
R = Right
RF = Rheumatic fever
Ry = Railway
SR or Surg reg = Surgical register or Surgical registrar
TB = Tuberculosis
VD = Venereal disease

St George's Hospital, London

Mary Morris, 38, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 38
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 21 Apr 1852
Date of death: 24 Apr 1852
Disease (transcribed): Strangulated femoral hernia. Operation. Peritonitis. Partial gangrene of intestines
Disease (standardised): Hernia (Abdomen); Operation (Abdomen); Peritonitis (Abdomen); Gangrene (Intestines)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Pollock, George
Medical notes: Two days before admission she had begun to vomit and had continued to do so up to that time.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

Mary Turner, 68, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 68
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 16 Apr 1845
Date of death: 16 Apr 1845
Disease (transcribed): Old adhesions. Partial, lobular grey hepatisation of the apices of both lungs. Dilatation with thinning of the left ventricle. Slight thickening of the valves on the left side, with atheroma in aorta. Gall stones. Granular kidneys. Fibrous tumours in uterus
Disease (standardised): Hepatisation (Lungs); Disease (Heart); Plaque, atherosclerotic (Aorta); Gallstone (Gall bladder); Disease (Kidneys); Tumour (Uterus)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward and Macleod, Roderick
Medical examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Post mortem examination performed by: Fuller, Henry William
Medical notes: 'This patient was admitted for inflammation of the eye, but immediately transferred to the care of the physician. When the physician saw her, she was in a dying condition, unable to give a distinct account of herself and unfit to undergo any examination. She died in the course of the evening’
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

William Griffiths, 52, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 52
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 25 Mar 1859
Date of death: 2 May 1859
Disease (transcribed): Compound fracture of leg. Sloughing of integuments. Bronchitis
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Leg); Sloughing (Skin); Bronchitis (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: Therefore the case is not given
Body parts examined in the post mortem: The body was not examined
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

John Roach, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Gender: Male
Age: 57
Date of admission: 3 Apr 1854
Date of death: 3 Apr 1854
Disease (transcribed): n/a
Disease (standardised):
Admitting doctor: Cutler, Edward
Surgeon: Gray, Henry
Physician: n/a
Medical notes: 'This person was brought in dead’
Post mortem notes: 'This body was not examined’

Type of injury: n/a

William Oliver, 71, Horse breaker

Occupation or role: Horse breaker
Age: 71
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1857
Date of death: 25 Apr 1857
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the skull. Wound of the meningeal artery. Blood in the ocular conjunctiva from fracture into the sphenoidal fissure. Blood in the lateral ventricle
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Wound (Brain)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Wintle, Frederic J.W.
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: This man was riding a restive horse in Hyde Park and was thrown, falling on his head.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax, abdomen and right clavicle
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Sarah Waller, 12, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 12
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 16 Feb 1848
Date of death: 7 May 1848
Disease (transcribed): Extensive chronic ulceration of tongue, epiglottis and glottis. Pneumonia and grey hepatisation.
Disease (standardised): Ulcer (Tongue); Ulcer (Larynx); Pneumonia (Lung); Disease (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Blagden, Robert
Post mortem examination performed by: Pollock, George
Medical notes: This patient, who was apparently of a scrofulous habit, was admitted into the Hospital with extensive ulceration of the soft palate.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Mouth and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

Martha Kendon , 44, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 44
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 11 Apr 1852
Date of death: 16 Apr 1852
Disease (transcribed): Sloughing wound of the knee exposing the patella. No injury to knee joint. Spasmodic dyspnoea. Difficulty in swallowing without producing spasms of muscles of larynx and throat. Rigidity of muscles of neck
Disease (standardised): Wound (Knee); Dyspnoea (Lung); Rigidity (Neck)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Ogle, John William
Medical notes: A fortnight before the day of er admission she was thrown by a bull which trampled on her right leg, inflicting a lacerated wound.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Knee, cranium, spinal column, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Hugh Hogan, 56, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 56
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 3 Apr 1853
Date of death: 24 Apr 1853
Disease (transcribed): Amputation of the thigh. Pus in the internal saphena and femoral veins. No pus in the cancelli of the bone
Disease (standardised): Amputation (Leg); Suppuration (Veins)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This man was admitted shortly after an accident in which (being drunk at the time) he was said to have fallen down on the pavement with another man falling on him.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Stump, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

William Chip, 50, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 50
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 31 Jan 1855
Date of death: 23 Mar 1855
Disease (transcribed): Malignant disease of the bones of the knee
Disease (standardised): Malignancy (Knee)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: As the body was not examined the case is not reported.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: This body was not examined
Type of incident: n/a

Henry Wilding, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Gender: Male
Age: 3
Date of admission: 29 Mar 1854
Date of death: 29 Mar 1854
Disease (transcribed): n/a
Disease (standardised):
Admitting doctor: Cutler, Edward
Surgeon: Gray, Henry
Physician: n/a
Medical notes: 'This child was brought in dead’
Post mortem notes: 'This body was not examined’

Type of injury: n/a

John Stapleton, 52, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 52
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 3 Jan 1843
Date of death: 22 Jan 1843
Disease (transcribed): Stricture.
Disease (standardised): Constriction (Indeterminate)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Scrotum, penis, pubis, urethra, testicles, perineum, lungs, heart and liver
Type of incident: n/a

Matthew Burt, 53, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 53
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1844
Date of death: 25 Apr 1844
Disease (transcribed): Compound fracture of the cranium and depression of bone. Trephined. Fatal Meningitis.
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Trephining (Skull); Meningitis (Brain )
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: The man had received a blow on the head from a quoit thrown a distance of about seventeen yards.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium, thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Sarah Cox, 8, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 8
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 12 Apr 1852
Date of death: 12 Apr 1852
Disease (transcribed): Death following a burn. Congestion and enlarged glands in the duodenum. Congested lungs and extensive bronchitis
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin); Congestion (Duodenum); Congestion (Lung); Bronchitis (Lung)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Ogle, John William
Medical notes: This child was admitted having fallen in to the fire.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Mary Kelly, [No age stated], [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: [No age stated]
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 3 Feb 1841
Date of death: 13 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Pneumonia. Encephaloid disease spreading from breast to chest
Disease (standardised): Pneumonia (Lungs); Encephalitis (Breast, chest)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Margaret Runacus, 24, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 24
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 17 Aug 1842
Date of death: 13 Dec 1842
Disease (transcribed): Scrofulous disease of foot and knee joint.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Foot, Leg)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Pollock, George
Medical notes: Amputation performed on 8th December 1842
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Leg and thorax
Type of incident: n/a

Louisa Parish, 4, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 4
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 31 Mar 1856
Date of death: 20 Apr 1856
Disease (transcribed): Burn
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Ogle, John William
Medical notes: As the body was not examined the case is not reported.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Not examined
Type of incident: n/a

Jane Turner, 18, Cook

Occupation or role: Cook
Age: 18
Gender: Female
Date of admission: 22 Mar 1861
Date of death: 29 Mar 1861
Disease (transcribed): Burn
Disease (standardised): Burn (Skin)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: The body was not examined
Type of incident: n/a

Henry Gwyatt, 27, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 27
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 13 Jan 1841
Date of death: 12 May 1841
Disease (transcribed): Secondary inflammation after amputation of thigh
Disease (standardised): Amputation (Thigh); Inflammation (Thigh)
Admitted under the care of: Walker, Robert Benjamin
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen, shoulder-joint, stump and hip-joint

Type of incident: n/a

Charles Bilson, 32, Omnibus Driver

Occupation or role: Omnibus Driver
Age: 32
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1844
Date of death: 23 Apr 1844
Disease (transcribed): Rupture of an aneurysmal pouch at the root of the aorta and extensive effusion of blood into the pericardium.
Disease (standardised): Rupture (Arteries); Effusion (Heart)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: The man had fallen suddenly from the box of the omnibus he was driving and was picked up dead.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

John Collins, 51, Labourer

Occupation or role: Labourer
Age: 51
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 21 Mar 1861
Date of death: 21 Mar 1861
Disease (transcribed): Fracture of the skull. Laceration of the brain. Fractured ribs and pelvis
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Skull); Laceration (Brain); Fracture (Ribs); Fracture (Pelvis)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Rouse, James
Post mortem examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Medical notes: The man shortly before admission fell twenty feet of a scaffold onto the ground, with bricks and pieces of wood falling with him.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Cranium and thorax
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Henry Lyatt, 42, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 42
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 5 Mar 1855
Date of death: 11 Mar 1855
Disease (transcribed): Extensive fracture of the Pelvis. Rupture of the Urethra
Disease (standardised): Fracture (Pelvis); Rupture (Urethra)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Gray, Henry
Medical notes: This man was admitted following a mass of stone falling on his back and crushing him against another stone.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax, abdomen and pelvis
Type of incident: Trauma/accident

Thomas Gillman, 46, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 46
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 23 Apr 1844
Date of death: 23 Apr 1844
Disease (transcribed): Extensive tubercular deposit in the lungs and in the sub-peritoneal cellular tissue.
Disease (standardised): Tuberculosis (Lung); Tuberculosis (Abdomen)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: n/a
Post mortem examination performed by: Hewett, Prescott Gardner
Medical notes: This man was dead when when brought into the Hospital.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Thorax and abdomen
Type of incident: n/a

John Brown , 5, [Occupation not stated]

Occupation or role: [Occupation not stated]
Age: 5
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 24 Mar 1858
Date of death: 25 Mar 1858
Disease (transcribed): Disease of os calcis. Secondary deposit in heart, lungs &c
Disease (standardised): Disease (Heel bone); Deposit (Heart, lungs)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: n/a
Medical notes: n/a
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Right foot, cranium, thorax, abdomen

Type of incident: n/a

Josiah Glasse, 52, [No occupation stated]

Occupation or role: [No occupation stated]
Age: 52
Gender: Male
Date of admission: 13 Mar 1852
Date of death: 13 Apr 1852
Disease (transcribed): Diseased kidneys. Dilated fasciculated bladder. False passages and thickening about the membranous portion of the urethra
Disease (standardised): Disease (Kidney); Disease (Bladder); False passages (Urethra); Thickening (Urethra)
Admitted under the care of: Cutler, Edward
Medical examination performed by: Holmes, Timothy
Post mortem examination performed by: Ogle, John William
Medical notes: He stated on admission that he had laboured for the last four years under stricture of the urethra.
Body parts examined in the post mortem: Abdomen. The friends objected to the examination of other parts of the body
Type of incident: n/a

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