Carter, Henry Vandyke

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Carter, Henry Vandyke

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1831-1897

History

Born in Hull, the son of painter Henry Barlow Carter and Eliza Barlow, he grew up in Scarborough. Educated at Hull Grammar School and St George's Hospital, graduating in 1852. Spent a year in Paris following his studies.

Studied anatomy at the Royal College of Surgeons on his return to London. Commissioned to make anatomical drawings for the St George's Hospital School of Medicine in 1853. Bachelor of Medicine at the University of London 1854, a degree he had initially failed the previous year. Demonstrator of anatomy at St George's Hospital.

He met Henry Gray at St George's around 1850, and worked with him to illustrate his books, most famously in 1856-1857 Gray's proposed anatomical textbook, which was to be known later as 'Gray's Anatomy'. Gray, however, did not credit Carter for his work on 'On the Structure and Use of the Spleen', 1851, and there were disagreements about acknowledgments as well as pay of Carter's later work.

Assistant surgeon IMS 1858. Professor of Anatomy and later principal at Grant Medical College. Published 'Spirillum fever, or famine fever, as seen in Western India' in 1882.

Retired with the rank of Deputy Surgeon General in 1888. Honorary surgeon to the queen 1890. Died at Scarborough 4 May 1897.

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406

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Sources

Richardson: The Making of Gray's Anatomy, 2008; Wikipedia; Wellcome Library; Student register 1849 (No 4301)

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