Blood transfusion



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Blood transfusion

Blood transfusion

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Blood transfusion

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Blood transfusion

2 Authority record results for Blood transfusion

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Lane, Samuel Armstrong

  • Person
  • 1802-1892

Educated at the Great Windmill Street School and St George’s Hospital. On his application as an assistant surgeon at St George’s in 1834, however, he was turned down in favour of Edward Cutler. Feeling he had been unfairly treated because Cutler was a relative of Benjamin Collins Brodie, Lane founded a rival anatomical school nearby at Grosvenor Place; the school soon became popular and was one of the schools attended by the pupils from St George’s Hospital.

Lane became senior surgeon to St Mary’s Hospital soon after its establishment in 1852, and Lane transferred his pathological and anatomical collections to the new school at St Mary’s Hospital. He also worked at the Lock Hospital. He was one of the original 300 fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons, and a member of the Council. He was also a fellow, member of the Council and vice-president of the Royal Medico-Chirurgical Society.

He was known as a skilled surgeon, and was one of the first to practice ovariotomy. He also performed the first successful blood transfer to treat haemophilia in 1840. He published a series of well-received articles on syphilis, however, being opposed to medical specialisms he refused to continue publishing on the subject.

He retired to Ealing, and died 2 Aug 1892, aged 90. His nephew James Robert Lane and his great-nephew James Ernest Lane continued his work at St Mary’s Hospital and with syphilis.

Physick, Philip Syng

  • Person
  • 1768-1837

Born in Philadelphia, USA. Graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1785, after which he continued his studies in London at St George's under John Hunter.

House surgeon at St George's Hospital 1790. Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1791. Moved to Edinburgh, where he received his MD in 1792. Returned to Philadelphia to work at the Pennsylvania Hospital, where he was during the 1793 yellow fever epidemic. Elected member of the American Philosophical Society in 1802.

He performed the first human blood transfusion in 1795, although he did not publish on it. He pioneered the use of stomach pump and used autopsy as a method for observation and discovery. He specialised in cataract surgery, and designed multiple surgical instruments, including the needle forceps, guillotine for performing tonsillectomies and improved splints for treating disclocations. He is often known as the 'Father of American Surgery'.