Born at Chilmark, near Salisbury. Educated at Weymouth College and St George's Hospital, 1869 after a year with a GP in the country.
Won the Henry Charles Johnson prize for anatomy at St George's Hospital and various other prizes; demonstrator of anatomy 1871. Founded the 'Students' Journal and Hospital Gazette', 1873. Surgical registrar at St George's Hospital 1877. Travelled as Sir Watkin Wynn's medical attendant.
Appointed the first chloroformist of St George's Hospital 1879, a duty previously taken care of by the apothecary. Assistant surgeon at St George's Hospital 1880-1887, surgeon 1887-1905, consulting surgeon 1906-1931; governor and member of the house committee following his retirement in 1905; lecturer of surgery 1877-1899.
Examiner in anatomy at the Royal College of Surgeons 1884-1893. Member of the Court of Examiners 1897-1902. Inspector of anatomy for the metropolis. KCVO in 1901. Served at the British Red Cross and the Order of St John during World War I; appointed Knight of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem. Commander of the Royal Order of the Redeemer of Greece. Chairman of the Invalid Children's Association. President of the Institute of Hygiene and of the Illuminating Engineers Society.
Married Isobel Lloyd Dickinson (d.1911) and Gladys Florence Hartigan of Monkstown, Co Dublin and St Leonards-on-Sea in 1914 (d.1949). Died in London at 3 Hyde Park Place 24 Dec 1931.