Showing 9 results

Authority record
Surgeon

Babington, George Gisborne

  • Person
  • 1795-1856

Born in Leicestershire.

Assistant surgeon at St George's Hospital 1829-1830, surgeon 1830-1843.

Surgeon at London Lock Hospital. Member of the Council at the Royal College of Surgeons 1836-1845, Hunterian Orator..

Speciality: Syphilitic diseases. Published on ulcers, sloughing sores and sexually transmitted diseases.

Married Sarah Anne Pearson of Golden Square in 1817. Died 1 Jan 1856 at home, 13 Queen's Gardens, Hyde Park

Cutler, Edward

  • Person
  • 1796-1874

Born at Wimborne, Dorset, the son of a clergyman. Entered the Navy, but abandoned it in favour of medicine due to ill health. Educated at Great Windmill Street and St George's Hospital.

Assistant surgeon at St George's Hospital 1834-1848, surgeon 1848-1861, consulting surgeon 1861-1874.

Assistant surgeon in the Life Guards 1821-1824. Assisted Sir Benjamin Brodie in his private practice. Surgeon and consulting surgeon at the Lock Hospital. Private practice.

Specialised in venereal diseases.

Married, with a son and a daughter. Retired in 1861. Died 7 Sep 1874 at home, 15 New Burlington Street.

Davis, George Augustus

  • Person
  • ?

MRCS 1840. House surgeon and surgeon at St George's Hospital. Surgeon at the St James's Dispensary. Private practice at 119 New Bond Street

Hawkins, Caesar Henry

  • Person
  • 1798-1884

Grandson of Sir Caesar Hawkins (1711-1786), surgeon at St George's Hospital and serjeant-surgeon to George II and George III. Born in Gloucestershire. Sent to Christ's Hospital (the Bluecoat School), 1807-1813 following his father's death.

Apprenticed to Mr Sheppard of Hampton Court, medical attendant to the Duke of Clarence (later King William IV). Student at St George's Hospital 1818, under Sir Everard Home and Benjamin Brodie. Studied chemistry at the Royal Institution under Michael Faraday. Taught anatomy at the Hunterian or Windmill Street School of Medicine.

Assistant surgeon at St George's Hospital 1829, surgeon 1829-1861, consulting surgeon 1861-1884.

Serjeant-surgeon to Queen Victoria 1862, the fourth member of his family in the office. Member of the council, examiner, vice-president and Hunterian orator at the Royal College of Surgeons; chairman of the Midwifery Board; representative of the RCS on the General Medical Council; trustee of the Hunterian Museum; FRS 1856.

Successfully performed ovariotomy in 1846. Published widely, including on tumours and rabies.

Married twice, to Miss Dolbel and to Ellen Rouse, no children. Died 20 Jul 1884 home at 26 Grosvenor Street.

Hunter, John

  • GB/NNAF/P165880 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/P14923 )
  • Person
  • 13 February 1728 – 16 October 1793

John Hunter (1728-1793) came to London in 1748 at the age of 20 and worked as an assistant in the anatomy school of his elder brother William (1718-83), who was already an established physician and obstetrician. Under William's direction, John learnt human anatomy and showed great aptitude in the dissection and preparation of specimens. William also arranged for him to study under the eminent surgeons William Cheselden (1688-1752) and Percivall Pott (1714-88).

Hunter was commissioned as an army surgeon in 1760 and spent three years in France and Portugal. As well as developing new ideas on the treatment of common ailments - such as gunshot wounds and venereal disease - Hunter spent time collecting specimens of lizards and other animals. On his return to England in 1763 he began to build up his private practice. His scientific work was rewarded in 1767 when he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1768 he was elected Surgeon to St George's Hospital, and in 1783 he moved to a large house in Leicester Square, which enabled him to take resident pupils and to arrange his collection into a teaching museum.

Hunter devoted all his resources to his museum. It included nearly 14,000 preparations of more than 500 different species of plants and animals. As his reputation grew, he was supplied with rare specimens such as kangaroos brought back by Sir Joseph Banks from James Cook’s voyage of 1768-71.

While most of his contemporaries taught only human anatomy, Hunter's lectures stressed the relationship between structure and function in all kinds of living creatures. Hunter believed that surgeons should understand how the body adapted to and compensated for damage due to injury, disease or environmental changes. He encouraged students such as Edward Jenner and Astley Cooper to carry out experimental research and to apply the knowledge gained to the treatment of patients.

By the 1780s Hunter enjoyed widespread recognition as the leading teacher of surgery of his time. However, the acclaim did little to mellow his blunt-speaking and argumentative nature. His temper was to be his downfall: Hunter died in 1793 after suffering a fit during an argument at St George's Hospital over the acceptance of students for training.

Hunter is today remembered as a founder of `scientific surgery'. He was unique in seeking to provide an experimental basis to surgical practice, and his museum is a lasting record of his pioneering work

Keate, Robert

  • Person
  • 1777-1857

Born at Laverton, Somerset to William Keate, rector. Educated at Bath Grammar School until 1792, when he was apprenticed to his uncle, Thomas Keate, who in 1798 was elected Surgeon to St George's Hospital.

Keate entered St George's Hospital in 1793, and was made Hospital Mate in 1794 and Deputy Purveyor to the Forces in 1795. In 1798 he came a member of the Surgeons' Corporation and was appointed Staff Surgeon in the Army. In 1800 he was appointed Assistant Surgeon to his uncle at St George's Hospital, where he succeeded him as Surgeon in 1813. He held the post until 1853.

He was Serjeant-Surgeon Extraordinary to King William IV and Serjeant-Surgeon to Queen Victoria in 1841. At the Royal College of Surgeons he was co-opted to the Court of Assistants in 1822 and President in 1831 and 1839. He acted as Examiner from 1827-1855.

He married the youngest daughter of H. Ramus, by whom he had two sons and four daughters. He died in Hertford Street, Mayfair on 2 October 1857.

Lee, Henry

  • Person
  • 1817-1898

Studied at King's College, London, 1833, but transferred to St George's Hospital in 1834. He was (one of) the first surgical registrars at the hospital, and later curator of the museum and lecturer in physiology.

Assistant surgeon at King's College Hospital 1847. Surgeon to the Lock Hospital. Returned to St George's Hospital as assistant surgeon in 1861; surgeon 1868.

Received the Jacksonian Prize from the Royal College of Surgeons in 1849 for his dissertation on purulent deposits. Member of Council and Hunterian Professor at RCS.

Specialisms: Syphilis. Published on venereal diseases, pathology and diseases of veins.

Married twice, with daughters and a son. Retired 1878. Died at home in 61 Queensborough Terrace, Hyde Park, London on 11 Jun 1898.

Tatum, Thomas

  • Person
  • 1803-1879

Born in Salisbury. Educated at Salisbury and St George's Hospital, and in Paris; qualified in 1828. Studied at the Hunterian School of Anatomy in Great Windmill Street and in Paris, qualifying in 1828.

House surgeon at St George's Hospital 1828, assistant surgeon 1840-1843, surgeon 1843-1867, consultant surgeon 1868-1879. Teacher of Anatomy at the Hunterian School of Anatomy in Great Windmill Street, 1830-1831. Lecturer on anatomy at the Kinnerton Street School (later St George's Hospital Medical School) and lecturer on surgery, 1831-1867.

Member of Council at the Royal College of Surgeons, 1857-1863; one of the original 300 fellows.

Married twice. His first wife was a niece of Sir Bejamin Brodie. Retired to Salisbury. Died at Eastbourne in the house of his son-in-law on 5 Sep 1879 and was buried at Brompton Cemetery.

Walker, Robert Benjamin

  • Person
  • 1798-1843

Assistant surgeon at St George's Hospital 1830-1840, surgeon 1840-1843. Died after a brief illness 2 Jan 1843, aged 44 at his home on Curzon Street, Mayfair.